E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens

Siham Mohamed Othman, Khaled M. Ben-Naser, Ali H. Kanoun, Ali A. Salim, Bashir Mohamed Sherif, Abdulatif A. Asheg.

Abstract
Background: Cloves are aromatic spices containing diverse chemically-active substances with biological properties. They have also been used in traditional medicine.
Aim: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of clove buds powder (CBP) dietary administration on the performance and jejunum morphology of the broiler chickens.
Methods: A total of 360 one-day old chicks (Ross 308) were distributed according to a completely randomized design on three experimental groups according to CBP% in feed (0.0, 0.5, and 1.0%), with six replicates for each treatment group. The studied traits included body weight, daily weight gain, daily feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, mortality%, European broiler index, villus height, crypt depth, and villus height/crypt depth ratio.
Results: The broilers final body weight, daily weight gain, and daily feed consumption reduced significantly (P≤0.01) in groups consuming different percentages of CBP, and a significant increase (P<0.05) in feed conversion ratio was noted in the CBP groups. The adding CBP to feed caused a significant decrease (P<0.05) in the European broiler index (EBI). However, clove buds powder increased (P≤0.01) villus height and villus height/crypt depth ratio (h/c ratio) compared to the control group. On the other hand, the results showed that there were no significant differences (P>0.05) between treatment groups in Mortality% and crypt depth.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the addition of clove bud powder had a negative effect on daily feed consumption, daily body weight gain, final body weight, feed conversion ratio, European broiler index at a dose used in this study. But it improved intestinal morphology.

Key words: broiler, clove buds, performance, villus height.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Othman SM, Ben-Naser KM, Kanoun AH, Salim AA, Sherif BM, Asheg AA. Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(6): 995-999. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28


Web Style

Othman SM, Ben-Naser KM, Kanoun AH, Salim AA, Sherif BM, Asheg AA. Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=102337 [Access: February 04, 2023]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Othman SM, Ben-Naser KM, Kanoun AH, Salim AA, Sherif BM, Asheg AA. Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(6): 995-999. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Othman SM, Ben-Naser KM, Kanoun AH, Salim AA, Sherif BM, Asheg AA. Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens. Open Vet J. (2022), [cited February 04, 2023]; 12(6): 995-999. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28



Harvard Style

Othman, S. M., Ben-Naser, . K. M., Kanoun, . A. H., Salim, . A. A., Sherif, . B. M. & Asheg, . A. A. (2022) Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens. Open Vet J, 12 (6), 995-999. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28



Turabian Style

Othman, Siham Mohamed, Khaled M. Ben-Naser, Ali H. Kanoun, Ali A. Salim, Bashir Mohamed Sherif, and Abdulatif A. Asheg. 2022. Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (6), 995-999. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28



Chicago Style

Othman, Siham Mohamed, Khaled M. Ben-Naser, Ali H. Kanoun, Ali A. Salim, Bashir Mohamed Sherif, and Abdulatif A. Asheg. "Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens." Open Veterinary Journal 12 (2022), 995-999. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Othman, Siham Mohamed, Khaled M. Ben-Naser, Ali H. Kanoun, Ali A. Salim, Bashir Mohamed Sherif, and Abdulatif A. Asheg. "Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens." Open Veterinary Journal 12.6 (2022), 995-999. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Othman, S. M., Ben-Naser, . K. M., Kanoun, . A. H., Salim, . A. A., Sherif, . B. M. & Asheg, . A. A. (2022) Effect of adding clove buds powder in feed on performance and jejunum morphology in broiler chickens. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (6), 995-999. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.28