E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs

David M Lane, Sarah A Hill.


Cited By:1

Abstract
Background: In humans, multiple researchers have not only determined that there is a relationship between urinary incontinence and lower back pain, but that by treating the lower back pain, clinicians are able to improve or resolve the urinary incontinence. To date, no equivalent canine research has investigated whether treatment of lower back pain can improve the symptoms of acquired, non-neurologic urinary incontinence in dogs.

Aim: To determine if a relationship exists between lower back pain (LBP) and urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) in dogs.

Methods: Review of medical records of all patients that presented to Points East West Veterinary Services with a history of naturally occurring acquired urinary incontinence from May 2013 to December 2019. Thirty-nine patients treated for lower back pain (LBP) using combined acupuncture and manual therapy, and 34/39 patients that also received concurrent photobiomodulation therapy, qualified for this study.

Results: Treated patients showed a statistically significant reduction in both the frequency (p<.01) and volume (p<.01) of urinary incontinence episodes. Treatment responses ranged from no improvement, to complete resolution of the USMI symptoms.

Conclusion: The reduction of USMI symptoms following LBP treatment suggests a relationship between these two conditions. Combined acupuncture, manual therapy, with or without photobiomodulation was shown to be an effective treatment for USMI. By corollary, USMI incontinence should be considered a potential pain symptom.

Key words: Incontinence Manual therapy Acupuncture Photobiomodulation Back pain


 
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Pubmed Style

Lane DM, Hill SA, . The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(1): 105-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13


Web Style

Lane DM, Hill SA, . The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=138654 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Lane DM, Hill SA, . The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(1): 105-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Lane DM, Hill SA, . The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs. Open Vet J. (2022), [cited February 13, 2024]; 12(1): 105-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13



Harvard Style

Lane, D. M., Hill, S. A. & (2022) The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs. Open Vet J, 12 (1), 105-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13



Turabian Style

Lane, David M, Sarah A Hill, and . 2022. The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (1), 105-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13



Chicago Style

Lane, David M, Sarah A Hill, and . "The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs." Open Veterinary Journal 12 (2022), 105-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Lane, David M, Sarah A Hill, and . "The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs." Open Veterinary Journal 12.1 (2022), 105-113. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Lane, D. M., Hill, S. A. & (2022) The relationship between urethral sphincter mechanism incompetency and lower back pain: positing a novel treatment for urinary incontinence in dogs. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (1), 105-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i1.13