E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt

Hussein Sobhy Abo-El-Makarem, Mukhtar Mohamed Abushaala.


Abstract
Background:
For decades, the use of organochlorine pesticides has had a detrimental effect on the environment and human health. Contamination of soil, water, and air has resulted in milk being contaminated as well.
Aim:
The purpose of this study was to investigate if any organochlorine residues (DDT, Dieldrin, Endrin and Lindane) were present in raw bovine milk from West Delta, Egypt.
Methods:
Gas chromatography with an electron capture detector was used to evaluate the milk samples collected from different governorates.
Results:
The obtained results revealed that DDT, dieldrin, endrin and lindane were detected in Alexandria, Behera and Matrouh at incidence level (22.7, 30.7 and 10%), (20, 20 and 16%), (9.33, 13.3 and 16%), and (12, 10.7 and 14%) with mean values of 232.2 ± 163.6, 156.4 ± 134.6 and 100.4 ± 85.9; 91.3 ± 61.2, 95.3 ± 59.8 and 57.6 ± 3.33; 15.7± 3.86, 15.1 ± 3.96 and 20.1 ± 7.33; 33.7± 10.6, 36.9 ± 5.51 and 52.2 ± 21.8 ng/g fat, respectively. Behera was the most contaminated province with incidence level 53.3% with mean value 136.8±128.0 ng/g fat followed by Alexandria 44 % with mean value 173.7± 155.5 ng/g fat, finally Matrouh 40% with mean value of 74.5 ± 56.5 ng/g fat.
Conclusion:
This research demonstrated that milk samples contain varying levels of Organochlorine pesticide residues, which can be hazardous to consumer health. Therefore, to safeguard the consumers, especially children and the elderly, organochlorine pesticide residues in milk must be closely monitored.

Key words: Bovine milk, Gas chromatography, Organochlorine.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abo-El-Makarem HS, Abushaala MM. Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(6): 684-689. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2


Web Style

Abo-El-Makarem HS, Abushaala MM. Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=143563 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abo-El-Makarem HS, Abushaala MM. Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(6): 684-689. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abo-El-Makarem HS, Abushaala MM. Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited February 13, 2024]; 13(6): 684-689. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2



Harvard Style

Abo-El-Makarem, H. S. & Abushaala, . M. M. (2023) Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt. Open Vet J, 13 (6), 684-689. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2



Turabian Style

Abo-El-Makarem, Hussein Sobhy, and Mukhtar Mohamed Abushaala. 2023. Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (6), 684-689. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2



Chicago Style

Abo-El-Makarem, Hussein Sobhy, and Mukhtar Mohamed Abushaala. "Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 684-689. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abo-El-Makarem, Hussein Sobhy, and Mukhtar Mohamed Abushaala. "Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt." Open Veterinary Journal 13.6 (2023), 684-689. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abo-El-Makarem, H. S. & Abushaala, . M. M. (2023) Monitoring of some organochlorine residues in raw bovine milk in the west Delta area, Egypt. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (6), 684-689. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i6.2