E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese

Amel Ahmed Ibrahim, Sameh Aly Awad, Mohamed Elsenduony.


Abstract
Background:
The assessment of risks related to food safety is becoming a challenge in developing countries with its consequent health hazards. Chemicals risk assessment in dairy products is important to maintain consumer’s health locally and internationally. Since milk and dairy products are essential foods for a wide range of customers, mostly children, patients, and pregnant women, it is very important to estimate the risks of some chemical residues, such as pesticides, some heavy metals, and aflatoxins.
Aim:
This work aims to determine the levels of chemical contamination in milk and traditional Egyptian cheese.
Methods:
Heavy metals were determined in samples by atomic absorption spectrometry. GC-MS/MS and LC-MS/MS were also used for measuring pesticide residues. The Aflatoxin M1 was determined by Enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay.
Results:
Raw milk samples were tested and showed elevated concentrations of lead and cadmium, (46% and 4%, respectively). The heavy metals detected in the Egyptian cheese samples were variable depending on the type of cheese. Moreover, p.p.-DDE phenofose was present in 45% and 29% of raw milk and Ras cheese samples, respectively. For Aflatoxin M1, only 7% of milk samples and 2.9% of Ras cheese samples exceeded the acceptable limits.
Conclusion:
More surveying and risk assessment of chemical residues in milk and milk products are essential for controlling health risks to consumers.

Key words: Raw milk, Egyptian cheese, Heavy metals, Pesticides, Aflatoxin M1


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ibrahim AA, Awad SA, Elsenduony M. Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(2): 640-651. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4


Web Style

Ibrahim AA, Awad SA, Elsenduony M. Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=171205 [Access: April 09, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ibrahim AA, Awad SA, Elsenduony M. Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(2): 640-651. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ibrahim AA, Awad SA, Elsenduony M. Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited April 09, 2024]; 14(2): 640-651. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4



Harvard Style

Ibrahim, A. A., Awad, . S. A. & Elsenduony, . M. (2024) Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese. Open Vet J, 14 (2), 640-651. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4



Turabian Style

Ibrahim, Amel Ahmed, Sameh Aly Awad, and Mohamed Elsenduony. 2024. Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (2), 640-651. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4



Chicago Style

Ibrahim, Amel Ahmed, Sameh Aly Awad, and Mohamed Elsenduony. "Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 640-651. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ibrahim, Amel Ahmed, Sameh Aly Awad, and Mohamed Elsenduony. "Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese." Open Veterinary Journal 14.2 (2024), 640-651. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ibrahim, A. A., Awad, . S. A. & Elsenduony, . M. (2024) Assessment of some chemical residues in Egyptian raw milk and traditional cheese. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (2), 640-651. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.4