E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk

Ashraf M. Nazem, Eman K. Abo Shaala, Sameh A. Awad.


Abstract
Background: Nanoparticles are regarded as magical bullets because of their exclusive features. Recently, the usage of nanoparticles has progressed in almost all aspects of science and technology due to its ability of revolutionizing certain fields. In the field of food science and technology, the application of nanoparticles is being researched in many various areas thus provide the dairy industry a variety of new attitudes for developing the quality, prolong shelf life, ensure safety and healthiness of foods.
Aim: This study aimed to focus on the application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles (zinc oxide (ZnO), magnesium oxide (MgO), and calcium oxide (CaO)) to control E. coli in raw milk and ensure its safety.
Methods: The antibacterial action of certain nanoparticles (ZnO, MgO, and CaO) with multiple concentrations (0.1, 0.05, 0.025, 0.0125, 0.006, and 0.003 mg/ml) was evaluated against E. coli strains in UHT milk samples. As well, storage temperature and storage period effects were studied.
Results: The findings of the current research revealed that inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles had a significant antibacterial role against E. coli, at the following order; ZnO, MgO, and CaO, respectively. The antibacterial effect of inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles is more noticed at lower temperatures.
Conclusion: Inorganic metal nanoparticles can be used in the food industry for the purpose of the control of E. coli, and extension of the shelf life of the dairy products.

Key words: Calcium oxide, E. coli, Magnesium oxide, Nanoparticles, Zinc oxide


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
HTML Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ashraf M. Nazem
Articles by Eman K. Abo Shaala
Articles by Sameh A. Awad
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nazem AM, Shaala EKA, Awad SA. Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 545-552. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49


Web Style

Nazem AM, Shaala EKA, Awad SA. Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=182429 [Access: April 10, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nazem AM, Shaala EKA, Awad SA. Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 545-552. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nazem AM, Shaala EKA, Awad SA. Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited April 10, 2024]; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 545-552. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49



Harvard Style

Nazem, A. M., Shaala, . E. K. A. & Awad, . S. A. (2024) Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk. Open Vet J, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 545-552. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49



Turabian Style

Nazem, Ashraf M., Eman K. Abo Shaala, and Sameh A. Awad. 2024. Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 545-552. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49



Chicago Style

Nazem, Ashraf M., Eman K. Abo Shaala, and Sameh A. Awad. "Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 545-552. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nazem, Ashraf M., Eman K. Abo Shaala, and Sameh A. Awad. "Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk." Open Veterinary Journal 14.(1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference) (2024), 545-552. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nazem, A. M., Shaala, . E. K. A. & Awad, . S. A. (2024) Application of some inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles to control E. coli in raw milk. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 545-552. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.49