E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses

Turke Shawaf.


Abstract
Background:
Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) is one of the most commonly diagnosed disorders in racehorse. Many EIPH risk factors such as breed, age, high or low environmental temperature, distance of the race has been studied in racehorses.
Aim:
The aim of this study was to study the relationship between EIPH and the presence of jugular vein thrombose in racehorses
Methods:
Forty-eight thoroughbred racehorses randomly selected from animals with exercise intolerance due to respiratory disorders were enrolled in the present study. Clinical and tracheobronchoscopy examination were done for EIPH grading. In addition, both jugular veins were examined using ultrasonography for vein thrombosis.
Results:
It was noted during endoscopy that many cases suffered from laryngeal paralysis, and we were not able to assess the degree of laryngeal paralysis under sedation. About 40% of horses with exercise intolerance suffered from EIPH of varying degrees. Most cases of jugular vein thrombosis were of the chronic type, as local heat and pain were not observed. About 42% of the exercise intolerant horses had jugular vein thrombose with most jugular vein thrombosis on the left side. Combined jugular veins thrombose and EIPH was found in about 25% of exercise intolerance horses, while 17% showed jugular vein thrombose without EIPH, and 41% showed no EIPH with the absence of jugular vein thrombose.
Conclusion:
The present study revealed that jugular vein thrombosis may cause disorders-associated damage to the vessels and anatomical structures closed to it, such as the trachea causing EIPH.

Key words: EIPH, Endoscopy, Jugular, Horse, Thrombosis


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Turke Shawaf
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Turke Shawaf. Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(5): 1111-1116. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4


Web Style

Turke Shawaf. Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=183464 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Turke Shawaf. Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(5): 1111-1116. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Turke Shawaf. Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited June 04, 2024]; 14(5): 1111-1116. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4



Harvard Style

Turke Shawaf (2024) Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses. Open Vet J, 14 (5), 1111-1116. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4



Turabian Style

Turke Shawaf. 2024. Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (5), 1111-1116. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4



Chicago Style

Turke Shawaf. "Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 1111-1116. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Turke Shawaf. "Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses." Open Veterinary Journal 14.5 (2024), 1111-1116. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Turke Shawaf (2024) Jugular venous thrombosis as a risk factor for Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred racehorses. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (5), 1111-1116. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.4