E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study

Pierre-François Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent.


Cited By:3

Abstract
Objective: to assess the effect of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) on intraocular pressure (IOP) in dogs with primary glaucoma (PG).
Animals studied: seven dogs (13 eyes) presenting with PG as diagnosed by a raised IOP (> 20 mm Hg) associated with consistent gonioscopy and ultrasound biomicroscopy of the ciliary cleft, with no other ocular disease. Patients were divided into 3 groups, corresponding to their pre-operative IOP (group 1 ranging from 21 to 30 mm Hg, group 2 from 31 to 40 and group 3 for 40 and above).
Procedure: ciliary process sonication was achieved with a probe containing one high-frequency transducer operating at 21 MHz during 5 seconds. Six sites were treated in patients from group 1, 8 in group 2, 10 in group 3, under general anesthesia. Post-operative treatment consisted of systemic meloxicam and topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, beta-blockers and prostaglandins analogues.
Results: no intraoperative complications were observed. Conjunctival hyperaemia occurred in eyes from group 2 (66%) and 3 (100%). Conjunctival burns were visible in 2 patients from group 3. One patient from group 3 experienced a hypertensive spike during the first hours post-op with associated pain. The hypotensive effect of HIFU was observed in all groups. Normotensive IOP (¡Ü20 mm Hg) was reached in all patients until the last recheck at 6 months post op.
Conclusion: despite the small number of patients included in the study, HIFU appears to be a promising option for the management of PG in dogs.

Key words: Key words: primary glaucoma, dog, sonication, surgery, ciliary cleft


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(3): 305-312. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9


Web Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=290534 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(3): 305-312. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study. Open Vet J. (2018), [cited February 13, 2024]; 8(3): 305-312. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9



Harvard Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent (2018) High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study. Open Vet J, 8 (3), 305-312. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9



Turabian Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent. 2018. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (3), 305-312. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9



Chicago Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent. "High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study." Open Veterinary Journal 8 (2018), 305-312. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent. "High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study." Open Veterinary Journal 8.3 (2018), 305-312. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Pierre-Francois Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent (2018) High Intensity Focused Ultrasound cyclocoagulation in dogs with primary glaucoma: a preliminary study. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (3), 305-312. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i3.9