E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Research


No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

V. Kumar1,* and A. Raj2.


Abstract
The objective of the study was to standardize a new method of vasectomy in male rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). A total of 208 free range male rhesus macaques captured from different locations in Shivalik Hills in a population control programme of the rhesus macaques in India. General anaesthesia was achieved by using a combination of ketamine hydrochloride at 8 mg/kg body weight and xylazine hydrochloride at 2mg/kg body weight intramuscularly in squeeze cage. Surgical procedure of vasectomy was carried out by single-hole no-scalpel technique using a single pre-scrotal skin incision above the median raphae. Spermatic cord was grasped with ringed forceps and was pulled out through the single-hole incision. Vas deferens was separated from the artery-vein complexus and about 3-4 cm portion of vas deferens was resected. Cauterization of both ends of the vas deferens was achieved with electrocautery. The induction time for anaesthesia was 1.40±0.18 min while surgical time for vasectomy was found to be 5.09±0.22 min. Recovery from general anaesthesia was without side-effects after a mean duration of 36.07±1.22 min, whereas the duration of anaesthesia was observed to be 82.27±4.96 min. There were no major complications following the surgery and recovery of animals was smooth. Animals were kept in postoperative care for five days and released at the same capturing site.

Key words: No-scalpel vasectomy, Electrocauterization, Free range, Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj. No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J. 2012; 2(0): 6-9. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6


Web Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj. No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=302656778 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj. No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J. 2012; 2(0): 6-9. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj. No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J. (2012), [cited February 13, 2024]; 2(0): 6-9. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6



Harvard Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj (2012) No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J, 2 (0), 6-9. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6



Turabian Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj. 2012. No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Veterinary Journal, 2 (0), 6-9. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6



Chicago Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj. "No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)." Open Veterinary Journal 2 (2012), 6-9. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj. "No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)." Open Veterinary Journal 2.0 (2012), 6-9. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

V. Kumar, and A. Raj (2012) No-scalpel vasectomy by electrocauterization in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Veterinary Journal, 2 (0), 6-9. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2012.v2.i0.p6