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Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog

A. Giuliano*, R. Salgüero and J. Dobson.


Cited By:8

Abstract
A seven-year-old male neutered Irish setter was treated for a metastatic anal sac adenocarcinoma (ASAC) and hypercalcaemia by complete surgical excision of the primary tumour and partial excision of the sublumbar lymph nodes. Further enlargement of the sublumbar lymph nodes was linked to recurrent hypercalcaemia 3 months after surgical treatment. Medical treatment with Toceranib and Clodronate showed modest results in the treatment of the tumour and the hypercalcaemia. Radiotherapy of the sublumbar lymph nodes and later concurrent carboplatin chemotherapy resulted in partial tumour remission with marked reduction in size of the lymph nodes and normalization of the calcaemia. Unfortunately, concurrently with subsequent relapse of the hypercalaemia, the dog developed hypertrophic osteopathy (HO) and lumbar spinal metastasis and the dog was euthanized. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the second case of metastatic apocrine gland carcinoma of the anal sac associated with HO and the first case that describe the development of HO late in the stage of the disease.

Key words: Anal sac carcinoma, Hypercalcaemia, Hypertrophic osteopathy.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson. Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog. Open Vet J. 2015; 5(1): 48-51. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48


Web Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson. Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=302656821 [Access: June 03, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson. Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog. Open Vet J. 2015; 5(1): 48-51. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson. Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog. Open Vet J. (2015), [cited June 03, 2024]; 5(1): 48-51. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48



Harvard Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson (2015) Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog. Open Vet J, 5 (1), 48-51. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48



Turabian Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson. 2015. Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog. Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (1), 48-51. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48



Chicago Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson. "Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog." Open Veterinary Journal 5 (2015), 48-51. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson. "Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog." Open Veterinary Journal 5.1 (2015), 48-51. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

A. Giuliano, R. Salguero and J. Dobson (2015) Metastatic anal sac carcinoma with hypercalcaemia and associated hypertrophic osteopathy in a dog. Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (1), 48-51. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p48