E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Review Article


The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades

Curtis W Dewey, Huisheng Xie.


Cited By:22

Abstract
The practice of acupuncture is becoming increasingly popular in veterinary medicine, especially as a method of providing pain relief. Originally based on principles derived from centuries of observation, conventional scientific mechanisms of action for acupuncture as a pain-relieving modality have recently been elucidated. Acupuncture points allow access to multiple regions of the body via the peripheral nervous system and its connection with the central nervous system. Local, segmental (spinal) and suprasegmental (brain) effects of acupuncture involve enhanced release of pain-relieving endogenous substances (e.g., opioids) and mitigated release of pain-inducing substances (e.g., inflammatory cytokines). In addition, there is evidence that acupuncture can induce positive neurochemical and cytoarchitectural change in the central nervous system via the phenomenon of neuroplasticity. Electroacupuncture is considered the most effective type of acupuncture delivery, allowing for more potent and long-lasting pain relief than is achieved via other methods (e.g., dry needling). The purpose of this review article is to summarize the relevant scientific literature from the last two decades relating to the physiological mechanisms of action of acupuncture as a pain-relieving modality.

Key words: Acupuncture, Electroacupuncture, Pain, Dog, Cat, Horse


 
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Pubmed Style

Dewey CW, Xie H. The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades. Open Vet J. 2021; 11(2): 203-209. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3


Web Style

Dewey CW, Xie H. The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=49570 [Access: June 23, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dewey CW, Xie H. The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades. Open Vet J. 2021; 11(2): 203-209. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dewey CW, Xie H. The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades. Open Vet J. (2021), [cited June 23, 2024]; 11(2): 203-209. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3



Harvard Style

Dewey, C. W. & Xie, . H. (2021) The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades. Open Vet J, 11 (2), 203-209. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3



Turabian Style

Dewey, Curtis W, and Huisheng Xie. 2021. The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades. Open Veterinary Journal, 11 (2), 203-209. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3



Chicago Style

Dewey, Curtis W, and Huisheng Xie. "The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades." Open Veterinary Journal 11 (2021), 203-209. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dewey, Curtis W, and Huisheng Xie. "The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades." Open Veterinary Journal 11.2 (2021), 203-209. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dewey, C. W. & Xie, . H. (2021) The scientific basis of acupuncture for veterinary pain management: A review based on relevant literature from the last two decades. Open Veterinary Journal, 11 (2), 203-209. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.3