E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Najla Mohamed Abushaala.


Cited By:1

Abstract
Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of tributylin chloride (TBTCl) on epithelial cell of gut Artemia salina in different stages (Nauplii, Juveniles and Adults). Samples of A. salina used were cultivated in incubators for hatching. Nauplii were harvested at 24 hours of age, while the juveniles and adults were harvested at 21 and 35 days of age respectively. These three stages of A. salina were exposed to different concentrations of TBTCl (1 ng.L-1 to 500 ng.L-1) for 24 hours. For nauplii, juveniles and adults, 100 individuals were exposed, and those that survived in the exposure test were harvested for histological analysis. Results of histological examinations revealed significant differences (P < 0.05) in type of lesions associated with different TBTCl concentrations and at different stages. The predominant lesions associated with different stages and different concentrations of TBTCl were epithelial cell necroasis, degeneration, cell loss, disruption, piknosis and submucosal necrosis. Cell scoring was significant difference (P < 0.05) between the groups of different TBTCl concentration and different life stages. The generality of the lesion scores showed that the adults are relatively more susceptible to the effects of TBTCl compared to the juvenile and the nauplii.

Key words: Antifouling biocides; Artemia salina; Histology; Tributyltin chloride; Toxicity.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abushaala NM, . Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). Open Vet J. 2019; 9(4): 366-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15


Web Style

Abushaala NM, . Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=58180 [Access: February 28, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abushaala NM, . Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). Open Vet J. 2019; 9(4): 366-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abushaala NM, . Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). Open Vet J. (2019), [cited February 28, 2024]; 9(4): 366-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15



Harvard Style

Abushaala, N. M. & (2019) Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). Open Vet J, 9 (4), 366-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15



Turabian Style

Abushaala, Najla Mohamed, and . 2019. Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). Open Veterinary Journal, 9 (4), 366-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15



Chicago Style

Abushaala, Najla Mohamed, and . "Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758)." Open Veterinary Journal 9 (2019), 366-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abushaala, Najla Mohamed, and . "Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758)." Open Veterinary Journal 9.4 (2019), 366-374. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abushaala, N. M. & (2019) Effects of tributyltin chloride on cell structures of epithelial layer in different stages of Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). Open Veterinary Journal, 9 (4), 366-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i4.15