E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler

Majdi Abdelfaraj Kairalla, Mohamed Idris Alshelmani, Abdalhakim Aburas.

Abstract
Background: Recently, attention has been paid to using plants with medicinal efficacy as alternates to antibiotics and growth promoters. Garlic is a traditional plants used as a spice and herb in broilers.
Aim: The objective of the current feeding trial was to investigate the effect of garlic powder on broiler performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry.
Method: A total of 240 one-day-old broiler chicks (Cobb500) were purchased from local hatchery and randomly distributed into four dietary treatments. Each treatment comprised of five replicates with 12 chicks each. Garlic powder (Allium sativum) was supplemented as follows: 0.0%, 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3%. The diets were formulated to be approximately isocaloric and cover all nutrients requirements for broiler throughout two stages of growth periods, starter diets (1 - 21) and finisher diets (22 - 42) days. At the end of the experiment, one bird was chosen from each replicate to measure the carcass characteristics and blood was collected.
Results: The findings showed that birds fed diet supplemented by 0.3% garlic powder was significantly (P<0.05) better in terms of body weight, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio compared to those birds fed 0%, 0.1% or 0.2% garlic powder. In addition, feeding 0.1% or 0.2% garlic powder significantly increased (P<0.05) packed cell volume (PCV), total white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil, eosinophil, monocyte and lymphocyte compared to the control group. Furthermore, garlic supplementation led to a decrease alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total cholesterol, triglycerides and low density lipoprotein (LDL) compared to the control. At the same time, high density lipoprotein (HDL) was significantly increased (P<0.05) by garlic supplementation.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that supplementation of 0.3% garlic powder as growth promoter lead to reducing the cost of production through improving growth performance and enhance the birds’ health.

Key words: garlic, broiler, growth, carcass characteristics, hematology


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
HTML Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Majdi Abdelfaraj Kairalla
Articles by Mohamed Idris Alshelmani
Articles by Abdalhakim Aburas
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kairalla MA, Alshelmani MI, Aburas A. Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(5): 595-601. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1


Web Style

Kairalla MA, Alshelmani MI, Aburas A. Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=25238 [Access: November 28, 2022]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kairalla MA, Alshelmani MI, Aburas A. Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(5): 595-601. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kairalla MA, Alshelmani MI, Aburas A. Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler. Open Vet J. (2022), [cited November 28, 2022]; 12(5): 595-601. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1



Harvard Style

Kairalla, M. A., Alshelmani, . M. I. & Aburas, . A. (2022) Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler. Open Vet J, 12 (5), 595-601. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1



Turabian Style

Kairalla, Majdi Abdelfaraj, Mohamed Idris Alshelmani, and Abdalhakim Aburas. 2022. Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (5), 595-601. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1



Chicago Style

Kairalla, Majdi Abdelfaraj, Mohamed Idris Alshelmani, and Abdalhakim Aburas. "Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler." Open Veterinary Journal 12 (2022), 595-601. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kairalla, Majdi Abdelfaraj, Mohamed Idris Alshelmani, and Abdalhakim Aburas. "Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler." Open Veterinary Journal 12.5 (2022), 595-601. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kairalla, M. A., Alshelmani, . M. I. & Aburas, . A. (2022) Effect of diet supplemented with graded levels of garlic (Allium sativum L.) powder on growth performance, carcass characteristics, blood hematology and biochemistry of broiler. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (5), 595-601. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.1