E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Review Article


Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies

Aswin Rafif Khairullah, Shendy Canadya Kurniawan, Abdullah Hasib, Otto Sahat Martua Silaen, Agus Widodo, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, Sancaka Cashyer Ramandinianto, Ikechukwu Benjamin Moses, Katty Hendriana Priscilia Riwu, Sheila Marty Yanestria.


Abstract
An infectious disease known as rabies (family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus) causes severe damage to mammals’ central nervous systems (CNS). This illness has been around for a very long time. The majority of human cases of rabies take place in underdeveloped regions of Africa and Asia. Following viral transmission, the Rhabdovirus enters the peripheral nervous system and proceeds to the CNS, where it targets the encephalon and produces encephalomyelitis. Postbite prophylaxis requires laboratory confirmation of rabies in both people and animals. All warm-blooded animals can transmit the Lyssavirus infection, while the virus can also develop in the cells of cold-blooded animals. In the 21st century, more than 3 billion people are in danger of contracting the rabies virus in more than 100 different nations, resulting in an annual death toll of 50,000–59,000. There are three important elements in handling rabies disease in post exposure prophylaxis (PEP), namely wound care, administration of anti-rabies serum, and anti-rabies vaccine. Social costs include death, lost productivity as a result of early death, illness as a result of vaccination side effects, and the psychological toll that exposure to these deadly diseases has on people. Humans are most frequently exposed to canine rabies, especially youngsters and the poor, and there are few resources available to treat or prevent exposure, making prevention of human rabies challenging.

Key words: Rabies, Infectious disease, Bite, Virus, Public health


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khairullah AR, Kurniawan SC, Hasib A, Silaen OSM, Widodo A, Effendi MH, Ramandinianto SC, Moses IB, Riwu KHP, Yanestria SM. Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(11): 1385-1399. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1


Web Style

Khairullah AR, Kurniawan SC, Hasib A, Silaen OSM, Widodo A, Effendi MH, Ramandinianto SC, Moses IB, Riwu KHP, Yanestria SM. Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=167497 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khairullah AR, Kurniawan SC, Hasib A, Silaen OSM, Widodo A, Effendi MH, Ramandinianto SC, Moses IB, Riwu KHP, Yanestria SM. Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(11): 1385-1399. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khairullah AR, Kurniawan SC, Hasib A, Silaen OSM, Widodo A, Effendi MH, Ramandinianto SC, Moses IB, Riwu KHP, Yanestria SM. Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited February 13, 2024]; 13(11): 1385-1399. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1



Harvard Style

Khairullah, A. R., Kurniawan, . S. C., Hasib, . A., Silaen, . O. S. M., Widodo, . A., Effendi, . M. H., Ramandinianto, . S. C., Moses, . I. B., Riwu, . K. H. P. & Yanestria, . S. M. (2023) Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies. Open Vet J, 13 (11), 1385-1399. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1



Turabian Style

Khairullah, Aswin Rafif, Shendy Canadya Kurniawan, Abdullah Hasib, Otto Sahat Martua Silaen, Agus Widodo, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, Sancaka Cashyer Ramandinianto, Ikechukwu Benjamin Moses, Katty Hendriana Priscilia Riwu, and Sheila Marty Yanestria. 2023. Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (11), 1385-1399. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1



Chicago Style

Khairullah, Aswin Rafif, Shendy Canadya Kurniawan, Abdullah Hasib, Otto Sahat Martua Silaen, Agus Widodo, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, Sancaka Cashyer Ramandinianto, Ikechukwu Benjamin Moses, Katty Hendriana Priscilia Riwu, and Sheila Marty Yanestria. "Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 1385-1399. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khairullah, Aswin Rafif, Shendy Canadya Kurniawan, Abdullah Hasib, Otto Sahat Martua Silaen, Agus Widodo, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, Sancaka Cashyer Ramandinianto, Ikechukwu Benjamin Moses, Katty Hendriana Priscilia Riwu, and Sheila Marty Yanestria. "Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies." Open Veterinary Journal 13.11 (2023), 1385-1399. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khairullah, A. R., Kurniawan, . S. C., Hasib, . A., Silaen, . O. S. M., Widodo, . A., Effendi, . M. H., Ramandinianto, . S. C., Moses, . I. B., Riwu, . K. H. P. & Yanestria, . S. M. (2023) Tracking lethal threat: In-depth review of rabies. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (11), 1385-1399. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i11.1