E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations

Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Watcharapol Suyapoh, Theerayut Thongrin, Woro Danur Wendo, Kanin Salao, Sutas Suttiprapa, Prasert Saichua, Prasarn Tangkawattana.


Abstract
Background:
Inflammation caused by Opisthorchis viverrini infection increases the risk of cholangitis, cholecystitis, and lead to bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma or CCA). However, only certain infected individuals are susceptible to CCA, suggesting the involvement of host factors in cancer development. Additionally, there are reports indicating differences in the locations CCA.
Aim:
This study aims to investigate cellular inflammatory responses in the common bile duct (CB), intrahepatic bile duct (IHB), and gallbladder (GB) in susceptible and non-susceptible hosts following O. viverrini infection.
Methods:
Thirty Syrian golden hamsters (a susceptible host) and 30 BALB/c mice (a non-susceptible host) infected with O. viverrini were studied at 6 time points (5 animals per group). Histopathological evaluations were conducted on samples from the IHB, CB, and GB. Inflammatory cell infiltration was quantitatively assessed and compared between groups and time points. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA, with a significance level of p<0.05.
Results:
Inflammation was significantly more pronounced in the IHB compared to the other 2 biliary locations. Comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts, the intensity of inflammation was higher in the OV+H group than in the OV+M group (p<0.05).
Conclusion:
This study highlights the association between host response to inflammation, tissue location and host susceptibility, with the IHB showing particular susceptibility to inflammation and pathological changes. These findings contribute to our understanding of the increased risk of CCA in susceptible hosts.

Key words: Opisthorchis viverrini, Susceptible host, Non-susceptible host, Locations, Intrahepatic bile duct


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tangkawattana S, Suyapoh W, TT, Wendo WD, Salao K, Suttiprapa S, Saichua P, Tangkawattana P. Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(2): 664-673. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6


Web Style

Tangkawattana S, Suyapoh W, TT, Wendo WD, Salao K, Suttiprapa S, Saichua P, Tangkawattana P. Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=172885 [Access: April 09, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tangkawattana S, Suyapoh W, TT, Wendo WD, Salao K, Suttiprapa S, Saichua P, Tangkawattana P. Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(2): 664-673. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tangkawattana S, Suyapoh W, TT, Wendo WD, Salao K, Suttiprapa S, Saichua P, Tangkawattana P. Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited April 09, 2024]; 14(2): 664-673. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6



Harvard Style

Tangkawattana, S., Suyapoh, . W., , . T. T., Wendo, . W. D., Salao, . K., Suttiprapa, . S., Saichua, . P. & Tangkawattana, . P. (2024) Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations. Open Vet J, 14 (2), 664-673. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6



Turabian Style

Tangkawattana, Sirikachorn, Watcharapol Suyapoh, Theerayut Thongrin, Woro Danur Wendo, Kanin Salao, Sutas Suttiprapa, Prasert Saichua, and Prasarn Tangkawattana. 2024. Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (2), 664-673. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6



Chicago Style

Tangkawattana, Sirikachorn, Watcharapol Suyapoh, Theerayut Thongrin, Woro Danur Wendo, Kanin Salao, Sutas Suttiprapa, Prasert Saichua, and Prasarn Tangkawattana. "Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 664-673. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tangkawattana, Sirikachorn, Watcharapol Suyapoh, Theerayut Thongrin, Woro Danur Wendo, Kanin Salao, Sutas Suttiprapa, Prasert Saichua, and Prasarn Tangkawattana. "Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations." Open Veterinary Journal 14.2 (2024), 664-673. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tangkawattana, S., Suyapoh, . W., , . T. T., Wendo, . W. D., Salao, . K., Suttiprapa, . S., Saichua, . P. & Tangkawattana, . P. (2024) Inflammatory Responses to Opisthorchis viverrini Infection in Animal Models: A comparison between susceptible and non-susceptible hosts in different anatomical locations. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (2), 664-673. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i2.6