E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance

Amira A. Omar, Mohamed S. Marzouk, Nadia B. Mahfouz, Ahmed M. Massoud, Mustafa A. Shukry, Foad A. Farrag, Mohamed M. Zayed, Mohamed A. Abd-Alaziz, Eman M. Moustafa.


Abstract
Background:
A commercially significant species in the aquaculture sector globally, particularly in Egypt, is Litopenaeus vannamei.
Aim:
The experiment's objective was to ascertain how Sanolife PRO-F impacted the growth, water quality, immunological response, and intestinal morphometry of Litopenaeus vannamei.
Methods:
In the current investigation, which lasted 12 weeks, Sanolife PRO-F was administered to shrimp post-larvae at diet doses of 0 (control), 1 (group one), 2 (group two), and 3 (group three) g/kg diet, respectively. Each experimental group had three repetitions.
Results:
In the current study, shrimp fed on probiotic-treated diets showed a considerable improvement in growth performance measures and survival rate, and the nonspecific immune response was also enhanced. Shrimp fed probiotic diets had longer and more intestinal villi overall. Shrimp fed on the G2 and G3 diets showed no appreciable differences in growth or intestinal morphology. With the G2 and G3 diet, the water had lower concentrations of nitrite and ammonia.
Conclusion:
The study's findings indicate that Sanolife PRO-F treatment at 2-3 g/kg feed promotes the growth of shrimp, immunological response, gut health and function, and water quality.

Key words: Growth performance, Immune response, Intestinal morphometry, Probiotic diet, Water quality


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Omar AA, Marzouk MS, Mahfouz NB, Massoud AM, Shukry MA, Farrag FA, Zayed MM, Abd-Alaziz MA, Moustafa EM. Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 144 -153 . doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13


Web Style

Omar AA, Marzouk MS, Mahfouz NB, Massoud AM, Shukry MA, Farrag FA, Zayed MM, Abd-Alaziz MA, Moustafa EM. Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=175262 [Access: February 12, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Omar AA, Marzouk MS, Mahfouz NB, Massoud AM, Shukry MA, Farrag FA, Zayed MM, Abd-Alaziz MA, Moustafa EM. Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 144 -153 . doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Omar AA, Marzouk MS, Mahfouz NB, Massoud AM, Shukry MA, Farrag FA, Zayed MM, Abd-Alaziz MA, Moustafa EM. Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited February 12, 2024]; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 144 -153 . doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13



Harvard Style

Omar, A. A., Marzouk, . M. S., Mahfouz, . N. B., Massoud, . A. M., Shukry, . M. A., Farrag, . F. A., Zayed, . M. M., Abd-Alaziz, . M. A. & Moustafa, . E. M. (2024) Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance. Open Vet J, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 144 -153 . doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13



Turabian Style

Omar, Amira A., Mohamed S. Marzouk, Nadia B. Mahfouz, Ahmed M. Massoud, Mustafa A. Shukry, Foad A. Farrag, Mohamed M. Zayed, Mohamed A. Abd-Alaziz, and Eman M. Moustafa. 2024. Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 144 -153 . doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13



Chicago Style

Omar, Amira A., Mohamed S. Marzouk, Nadia B. Mahfouz, Ahmed M. Massoud, Mustafa A. Shukry, Foad A. Farrag, Mohamed M. Zayed, Mohamed A. Abd-Alaziz, and Eman M. Moustafa. "Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 144 -153 . doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Omar, Amira A., Mohamed S. Marzouk, Nadia B. Mahfouz, Ahmed M. Massoud, Mustafa A. Shukry, Foad A. Farrag, Mohamed M. Zayed, Mohamed A. Abd-Alaziz, and Eman M. Moustafa. "Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance." Open Veterinary Journal 14.(1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference) (2024), 144 -153 . Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Omar, A. A., Marzouk, . M. S., Mahfouz, . N. B., Massoud, . A. M., Shukry, . M. A., Farrag, . F. A., Zayed, . M. M., Abd-Alaziz, . M. A. & Moustafa, . E. M. (2024) Effects of the putative probiotics Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus subtilis on white leg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, immune response, gut histology, water quality, and growth performance. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 144 -153 . doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.13