E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products

Rana M. Mahmoud, Ahlam A. Gharib, Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz, El-Shaimaa M. Ali, Aml Mokhtar, Ghada A. Ibrahim, Ahmed M. Ammar.


Abstract
Background:
Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) biofilm is grown not only on medical devices but also on different substrata and is considered a potential hazard in the food industry. Quorum sensing (QS) plays a serious role in the synthesis of biofilm with its surrounding extracellular matrix enabling irreversible connection of the bacteria.
Aim:
The present study directed to determine the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance patterns, and biofilm formation ability of B. cereus in meat and meat products in Egypt.
Methods:
A total of one hundred and fifty meat and meat product samples were included in this study. The samples were transferred to the Bacteriology Laboratory for further bacteriological examination. Thereafter, the antimicrobial, antiquorum sensing and antibiofilm potential of apple cider vinegar (ACV) on B. cereus were evaluated.
Results:
Thirty four samples out of 150 samples (22.67%) were positive for B. cereus. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing revealed that all B. cereus isolates were resistant to ampicillin and colistin however none of them were resistant to ciprofloxacin and imipenem. All multidrug resistant (MDR) B. cereus isolates (n = 12) could produce biofilms with varying degrees; among them, 6 (50%), 3 (25%) and 3 (25%) isolates were weak, moderate and strong biofilm producers, respectively. Interestingly, the ACV exhibited marked inhibitory activities against B. cereus isolates with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 2 to 8 μg/mL. Moreover, it showed a good antibiofilm activity (> 50% reduction of biofilm formation) after exposure of biofilm producing B. cereus isolates to the minimum biofilm inhibitory concentrations 50 (MBIC50) of 4 μg/mL. Reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) revealed down-regulation of biofilm genes (tasA and sipW) and their regulator (plcR) in strong biofilm producers in comparison to those of the control.
Conclusion:
Our study is the first report, which spotlight on the ACV activity against B. cereus biofilm and its consequence as a strong antibacterial and antibiofilm agent in food industry and human health risk.

Key words: Apple cider vinegar, B. cereus, Antimicrobial resistance, Biofilm


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Rana M. Mahmoud
Articles by Ahlam A. Gharib
Articles by Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz
Articles by El-Shaimaa M. Ali
Articles by Aml Mokhtar
Articles by Ghada A. Ibrahim
Articles by Ahmed M. Ammar
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mahmoud RM, Gharib AA, El-Aziz NKA, Ali EM, Mokhtar A, Ibrahim GA, Ammar AM. Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 186-199. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17


Web Style

Mahmoud RM, Gharib AA, El-Aziz NKA, Ali EM, Mokhtar A, Ibrahim GA, Ammar AM. Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=175634 [Access: February 12, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mahmoud RM, Gharib AA, El-Aziz NKA, Ali EM, Mokhtar A, Ibrahim GA, Ammar AM. Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 186-199. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mahmoud RM, Gharib AA, El-Aziz NKA, Ali EM, Mokhtar A, Ibrahim GA, Ammar AM. Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited February 12, 2024]; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 186-199. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17



Harvard Style

Mahmoud, R. M., Gharib, . A. A., El-Aziz, . N. K. A., Ali, . E. M., Mokhtar, . A., Ibrahim, . G. A. & Ammar, . A. M. (2024) Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products. Open Vet J, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 186-199. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17



Turabian Style

Mahmoud, Rana M., Ahlam A. Gharib, Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz, El-Shaimaa M. Ali, Aml Mokhtar, Ghada A. Ibrahim, and Ahmed M. Ammar. 2024. Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 186-199. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17



Chicago Style

Mahmoud, Rana M., Ahlam A. Gharib, Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz, El-Shaimaa M. Ali, Aml Mokhtar, Ghada A. Ibrahim, and Ahmed M. Ammar. "Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 186-199. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mahmoud, Rana M., Ahlam A. Gharib, Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz, El-Shaimaa M. Ali, Aml Mokhtar, Ghada A. Ibrahim, and Ahmed M. Ammar. "Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products." Open Veterinary Journal 14.(1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference) (2024), 186-199. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mahmoud, R. M., Gharib, . A. A., El-Aziz, . N. K. A., Ali, . E. M., Mokhtar, . A., Ibrahim, . G. A. & Ammar, . A. M. (2024) Apple cider vinegar exhibits promising antibiofilm activity against multidrug-resistant Bacillus cereus isolated from meat and their products. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 186-199. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.17