E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration

Sheren A. Al-Zahaby, Sahar S. Hassan, Eman H. Elsheikh.


Abstract
Background:
Catadromous fishes have well developed elongate olfactory organs with numerous lamellae and different types of receptor neurons related to their breeding migration.
Aim:
The current study showed how the olfactory system adapted to the catadromous life. Our work declared the need of the migratory fishes to the sense of smell that exhibited by higher number of the olfactory lamellae and the receptor neuron verification in the olfactory epithelium.
Methods:
Ten specimens of fully grown, but pre-matured, silver eels of Anguilla vulgaris were captured at the outlet of Edco Lake, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, east of Alexandria. Olfactory rosettes dissected and fixed for Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM).
Results:
Our study gave a morphological description of the olfactory system of Anguilla vulgaris. At the ultrastructural level using SEM and TEM, one olfactory rosette provided with 90 to 100 flat radial olfactory lamellae. The nasal configuration allowed water to enter and exit, transferring odorant molecules to olfactory receptor cells which comprises long cylindrical ciliated and microvillous receptors as well as rod-tipped cells. These cells are bipolar neurons with upward dendritic knobs. The olfactory epithelia also include crypt receptor cells. Interestingly, the olfactory neurons are delimited by non-sensory supporting cells, including long motile kinocilia and sustentacular supporting cells beside mucus secretory goblet cells and ionocytes or labyrinth cells that contribute in the olfaction process.
Conclusion:
Olfaction is crucial in all vertebrates, including fishes as it involves in reproduction, parental, feeding, defensive, schooling, and migration behaviors. Here, Anguilla vulgaris is an excellent model for catadromous fishes. It has a well-developed olfactory organ to cope with the dramatic climate change, habitat loss, water pollution, and altered ocean currents effect during their catadromous life for reproduction.

Key words: Olfactory rosette, Olfactory epithelium, Olfactory receptors, Anguilla vulgaris, Electron Microscope


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Al-Zahaby SA, Hassan SS, Elsheikh EH. Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 512-524. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46


Web Style

Al-Zahaby SA, Hassan SS, Elsheikh EH. Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=182416 [Access: April 10, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Zahaby SA, Hassan SS, Elsheikh EH. Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 512-524. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Zahaby SA, Hassan SS, Elsheikh EH. Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited April 10, 2024]; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 512-524. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46



Harvard Style

Al-Zahaby, S. A., Hassan, . S. S. & Elsheikh, . E. H. (2024) Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration. Open Vet J, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 512-524. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46



Turabian Style

Al-Zahaby, Sheren A., Sahar S. Hassan, and Eman H. Elsheikh. 2024. Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 512-524. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46



Chicago Style

Al-Zahaby, Sheren A., Sahar S. Hassan, and Eman H. Elsheikh. "Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 512-524. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Zahaby, Sheren A., Sahar S. Hassan, and Eman H. Elsheikh. "Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration." Open Veterinary Journal 14.(1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference) (2024), 512-524. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Zahaby, S. A., Hassan, . S. S. & Elsheikh, . E. H. (2024) Ultramicroscopic organization of the exterior olfactory organ in Anguilla vulgaris in relation to its spawning migration. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 512-524. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.46