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Case Report


Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti.

Abstract
Four cases of feline permethrin intoxication are described. The cause of intoxication is the application of canine permethrin spot-on product (Advantix®, Bayer) by the owners. Principal clinical guidelines recommends the use of anticonvulsant drugs to treat seizures or neurological symptoms after initial stabilization and dermal decontamination. The use of lipid emulsion had an increasing interest in the last decade for treatment of toxicosis caused by lipophylic drugs as reported in human and in veterinary medical practices. All cats presented in this study, were treated with intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) at variable dosages, and dexmedetomidine was also administered by intravenous way. No adverse reaction such as thrombophlebitis, overload circulation or others was noticed during and after administration of ILE. Dexmedetomidine was proved to be helpful in tranquillizing the cats. All cats were discharged in good condition faster than other cases treated without their use.

Key words: Cat, Dexmedetomidine, Intravenous lipid emulsion, Permethrin.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti. Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases. Open Vet J. 2015; 5(2): 113-121. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113


Web Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti. Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=235327 [Access: February 04, 2023]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti. Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases. Open Vet J. 2015; 5(2): 113-121. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti. Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases. Open Vet J. (2015), [cited February 04, 2023]; 5(2): 113-121. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113



Harvard Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti (2015) Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases. Open Vet J, 5 (2), 113-121. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113



Turabian Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti. 2015. Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases. Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (2), 113-121. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113



Chicago Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti. "Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases." Open Veterinary Journal 5 (2015), 113-121. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti. "Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases." Open Veterinary Journal 5.2 (2015), 113-121. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

G. Ceccherini, F. Perondi, I. Lippi, G. Grazia, V. Marchetti (2015) Intravenous lipid emulsion and dexmedetomidine for treatment of feline permethrin intoxication: a report from 4 cases. Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (2), 113-121. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p113