E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Short Communication


Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga.

Abstract
A total of 359 sheep samples from 15 flocks were analyzed for the presence of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus using a commercial Enzyme linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Antibodies were detected in 19 (5.29%) sheep from 12 (80%) flocks. Seropositive animals were found in all analyzed regions (Central, Chorotega, Atlantic Huetar, North Huetar and Central Pacific) determining prevalence between 0.28% and 4.4%, and intra-flock positivity between 3.7% and 25.0%. The survey revealed two risk factors associated with seropositivity; introducing animals (males and females), embryos, or semen from other farms or from abroad without any sanitary certification, and flocks not having quarantine areas or separated boxes for diseased animals. No clinical signs of disease were observed in positive seroreactors. C. abortus seems to be present in Costa Rica in a very low prevalence in sheep flocks. Further studies, to isolate the bacteria are required. Finally, implementation of control measures to prevent the spread of C. abortus is recommended.

Key words: Abortion, Ovine, Serology, Tropics, Zoonosis.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by R. Villagra-Blanco
Articles by G. Dolz
Articles by D. Montero-Caballero
Articles by J.J. Romero-Zúñiga
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga. Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks. Open Vet J. 2015; 5(2): 122-126. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122


Web Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga. Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=235328 [Access: February 07, 2023]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga. Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks. Open Vet J. 2015; 5(2): 122-126. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga. Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks. Open Vet J. (2015), [cited February 07, 2023]; 5(2): 122-126. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122



Harvard Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga (2015) Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks. Open Vet J, 5 (2), 122-126. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122



Turabian Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga. 2015. Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks. Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (2), 122-126. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122



Chicago Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga. "Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks." Open Veterinary Journal 5 (2015), 122-126. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga. "Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks." Open Veterinary Journal 5.2 (2015), 122-126. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

R. Villagra-Blanco, G. Dolz, D. Montero-Caballero, J.J. Romero-Zúñiga (2015) Detection of antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus in Costa Rican sheep flocks. Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (2), 122-126. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i2.p122