E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Case Report


Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi.

Abstract
A twelve-year-old male castrated domestic shorthair cat was presented for rapidly progressing respiratory distress. The cat was depressed, tachypneic and moderately responsive. Ultrasonography showed a mediastinal mass associated to a significant pleural effusion (200 ml) that needed repeated tapping. Ultrasound guided biopsy yielded a diagnosis of clear cell thymoma upon histopathology. After complete staging procedures, the owner elected to treat the cat with electrochemotherapy (ECT) using systemic bleomycin. Two sessions of ultrasound guided ECT were performed at two week interval with trains of biphasic electric pulses applied using needle electrodes until complete coverage of the area was achieved. The treatment was well tolerated and resulted in partial remission (PR). Additional sessions were performed on a monthly basis. The cat is still in PR after thirteen months. ECT resulted in improved local control and should be considered among the available adjuvant treatments in pets carrying visceral tumors.

Key words: bleomycin, biphasic pulses, electrochemotherapy, feline, thymoma


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi. Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(1): 57-60. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8


Web Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi. Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=241065 [Access: February 07, 2023]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi. Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(1): 57-60. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi. Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat. Open Vet J. (2017), [cited February 07, 2023]; 7(1): 57-60. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8



Harvard Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi (2017) Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat. Open Vet J, 7 (1), 57-60. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8



Turabian Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi. 2017. Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (1), 57-60. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8



Chicago Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi. "Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat." Open Veterinary Journal 7 (2017), 57-60. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi. "Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat." Open Veterinary Journal 7.1 (2017), 57-60. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi (2017) Ultrasound guided electrochemotherapy for the treatment of a clear cell thymoma in a cat. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (1), 57-60. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.8