E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo.

Abstract
Neighborhood dogs may act as reservoirs and disseminators of vector-borne diseases in urban areas. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to ascertain the health status and the vector-borne pathogens infecting dogs living in public areas with high levels of human movement in the city of Curitiba, southern Brazil. Blood samples from 21 neighborhood dogs that were found in nine of 22 bus stations and two public parks were subjected to a complete blood cell (CBC) count, serum biochemical profiling, a commercial rapid ELISA test and a commercial real-time PCR panel of vector-borne diseases. The CBC count and serum biochemical profiling were within the normal range for dogs and only 1/21 (4.7%) of the dogs was seroreactive for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. The commercial real-time PCR panel showed that 7/21 (33.3%) of the dogs had Mycoplasma haemocanis infection, 9/21 (42.8%) had ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum’ and 4/21 (19.0%) had both. No statistical association between infected by the agents found here and abnormalities in physical examinations, laboratory tests or ectoparasite presence was found (p > 0.05). In conclusion, neighborhood dogs showed low prevalence of vector-borne diseases and satisfactory wellbeing, and dogs can be used as sentinels for disease exposure.

Key words: Borrelia burgdorferi, community dogs, hemoplasmas, sentinel animals, tick-borne diseases.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Caroline Constantino
Articles by Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula
Articles by Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão
Articles by Fernando Ferreira
Articles by Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira
Articles by Alexander Welker Biondo
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo. Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(1): 50-56. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7


Web Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo. Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=242425 [Access: February 05, 2023]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo. Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(1): 50-56. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo. Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil. Open Vet J. (2017), [cited February 05, 2023]; 7(1): 50-56. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7



Harvard Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo (2017) Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil. Open Vet J, 7 (1), 50-56. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7



Turabian Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo. 2017. Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (1), 50-56. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7



Chicago Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo. "Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil." Open Veterinary Journal 7 (2017), 50-56. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo. "Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil." Open Veterinary Journal 7.1 (2017), 50-56. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evariso de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo (2017) Survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern Brazil. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (1), 50-56. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i1.7