E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Case Report


Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries)

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns.


Cited By:3

Abstract
Jacob sheep (Ovis aries) are a pedigree breed known for their “polycerate” (multihorned) phenotype. We describe a four-horned Jacob lamb that exhibited progressive congenital hindlimb ataxia and paresis, and was euthanased four weeks post-partum. Necropsy revealed deformity and asymmetry of the occipital condyles, causing narrowing of the foramen magnum and spinal cord compression. Histopathology demonstrated axonal degeneration of the spinal cord. These findings are consistent with occipital condylar dysplasia. This condition has been infrequently reported in the literature as a suspected heritable disease of polycerate Jacob sheep in the USA, and is assumed to arise during selection for the polycerate trait. This is the first reported case in European-bred Jacob sheep. Occipital condylar dysplasia should be considered as a differential diagnosis in polycerate Jacob lambs showing ataxia. It is important to raise awareness of this disease due to its suspected heritability and link to the popular polycerate trait.

Key words: Occipital condylar dysplasia, Jacob sheep, congenital, ataxia, polycerate


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns. Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries). Open Vet J. 2017; 7(2): 126-131. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8


Web Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns. Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries). https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=242283 [Access: May 02, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns. Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries). Open Vet J. 2017; 7(2): 126-131. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns. Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries). Open Vet J. (2017), [cited May 02, 2024]; 7(2): 126-131. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8



Harvard Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns (2017) Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries). Open Vet J, 7 (2), 126-131. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8



Turabian Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns. 2017. Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries). Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (2), 126-131. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8



Chicago Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns. "Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries)." Open Veterinary Journal 7 (2017), 126-131. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns. "Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries)." Open Veterinary Journal 7.2 (2017), 126-131. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alison Marie Lee, Nicola F Fletcher, Hanne Jahns (2017) Occipital Condylar Dysplasia in a Jacob Lamb (Ovis aries). Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (2), 126-131. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.8