E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat.


Cited By:12

Abstract
We investigated two outbreaks of papillomatosis between 2013 and 2015 in Al Ahsa region of eastern Saudi Arabia involving fourteen dromedary camels. The disease affected both young and adult animals and occurred in coincidence with demodectic mange infestation. Diagnosis was made based on gross and histopathological characteristics of the wart lesion and was confirmed by PCR. Rolling circle amplification followed by degenerate primer PCR and sequencing of the amplicons revealed the presence of both Camelus dromedarius papillomavirus types 1 and 2, previously identified in infected dromedaries in Sudan.

Key words: Papillomavirus; infection; dromedary camels; Al Ahsa; Saudi Arabia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat. Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(2): 174-179. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16


Web Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat. Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=252057 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat. Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(2): 174-179. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat. Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Open Vet J. (2017), [cited February 13, 2024]; 7(2): 174-179. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16



Harvard Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat (2017) Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Open Vet J, 7 (2), 174-179. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16



Turabian Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat. 2017. Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (2), 174-179. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16



Chicago Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat. "Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia." Open Veterinary Journal 7 (2017), 174-179. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat. "Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia." Open Veterinary Journal 7.2 (2017), 174-179. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Eldawla Mustafa Barakat (2017) Investigation on papillomavirus infection in dromedary camels in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (2), 174-179. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.16