E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka.


Cited By:5

Abstract
Magnesium ions (Mg2+) are essential for various enzymatic reactions in the body associated with energy production and activation of the muscles and nerves. Mg2+ is also involved in blood pressure regulation, maintenance of body temperature, and glucose metabolism. Although various factors including foods and physical conditions have been reported to change serum Mg2+ status in humans, serum Mg2+ in dogs exposed to external stress has been unclear. In this study, we examined serum levels of Mg2+ in dogs at different conditions using the guide dog candidates for the blind. Serum Mg2+ was decreased in winter and increased in summer. Guide dog candidates in an elementary class of the training showed markedly lower levels of serum Mg2+, compared with that of dogs in an advanced class. When healthy adult dogs were subjected to forced exercise using a treadmill, a significant reduction in serum Mg2+ levels was observed, particularly in winter. These findings suggest that serum levels of Mg2+ may be influenced by weather fluctuation such as air temperature, nervousness in unaccustomed situations, age, and physical stress induced by exercise. The results indicate that Mg2+ supplementation should be considered for working dogs, dogs moving or traveling to a new environment, and dogs during winter.

Key words: Serum magnesium ions, guide dogs, training, exercise, seasonality


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka. Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(4): 367-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13


Web Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka. Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=264574 [Access: May 02, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka. Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study. Open Vet J. 2017; 7(4): 367-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka. Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study. Open Vet J. (2017), [cited May 02, 2024]; 7(4): 367-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13



Harvard Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka (2017) Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study. Open Vet J, 7 (4), 367-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13



Turabian Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka. 2017. Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (4), 367-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13



Chicago Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka. "Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study." Open Veterinary Journal 7 (2017), 367-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka. "Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study." Open Veterinary Journal 7.4 (2017), 367-374. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Izumi Ando, Kaoru Karasawa, Shinichi Yokota, Takao Shioya, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akane Tanaka (2017) Analysis of serum magnesium ions in dogs exposed to external stress: A pilot study. Open Veterinary Journal, 7 (4), 367-374. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i4.13