E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi.

Cited by (12)

Abstract
This study was a preliminary survey for identification of parasites (endoparasites and ectoparasites) and their prevalence in domestic pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli; Libya. One hundred adult domestic pigeons were purchased from different markets of Tripoli. Blood smears were prepared from each bird and examined using light microscopy with oil immersion lens for the presence of blood parasites. Oropharyngeal swab was taken from each pigeon and were processed through direct smear method and staining with Giemsa to identify Trichomonas gallinae. Each pigeon was examined for ectoparasites. Moreover, intestinal parasites were investigated and all helminths were counted before being fixed in 70% ethanol for further identification. Out of 100 pigeons examined, 76% (76/100) were infected with Haemoproteus spp and 55% (55/100) with T. gallinae. The overall prevalence of ecto–parasitic infestation was 89% (82% Columbicloa columbae, 18% Goniodes gallinae, 3% Menopon gallinae and 1% Pseudolynchia canariensis). The overall prevalence of intestinal helminths in examined pigeons were 56% (56/100). Three species of Cestoda (2% Raillietina tetragona, 32% R. echinobothrida and 4% R. cesticillus) and three species of Nematoda (18% Heterakis gallinarum., 22% Ascaridia galli and 4% Capillaria spp) were identified. Also, this study revealed that the pigeons examined were found infected with mixed parasites. The study highlights that pigeons are hosts of helminths of veterinary importance and may act as an important source of infection for other avian host, which share the common parasitic fauna.

Key words: Columba livia, ectoparasite, endoparasite, Tripoli, Libya.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi. Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 360-366. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2


Web Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi. Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=298640 [Access: February 06, 2023]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi. Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 360-366. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi. Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. (2018), [cited February 06, 2023]; 8(4): 360-366. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2



Harvard Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi (2018) Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J, 8 (4), 360-366. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2



Turabian Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi. 2018. Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 360-366. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2



Chicago Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi. "Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 8 (2018), 360-366. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi. "Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 8.4 (2018), 360-366. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ferial Aboalkassem Alkharigy, Adnan Salem Elnaas, Abdulhakim Abdulla EL Maghrbi (2018) Survey of Parasites in Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 360-366. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.2