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Short Communication


Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya

Abdulwahab Kammon, Isabella Monne, Abdulatif Asheg, Giovanni Cattoli.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Avian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1) is the causative agent of Newcastle Disease which affects many species of birds leading to high mortality and heavy economic losses among poultry industry worldwide. Newcastle disease is endemic in Libya with frequent outbreaks occurred in commercial and backyard poultry. APMV-1 was isolated and characterised during 2013 outbreak. In current study, we report another Newcastle disease outbreak emerged in backyard chickens and pigeons in Alzintan city on March 2015. Two viruses were detected in cloacal swabs from backyard chickens namely APMV-1/Libya/15VIR5368/2015 and APMV-1/Libya/15VIR5371/2015. Genetic sequencing of these viruses revealed the presence of velogenic APMV-1 belonging to genotype VIIi genetically similar to the viruses isolated on 2013. During the same period, neurologic signs and mortality were noticed in pigeons. Samples of brain tissue were tested by rRT-PCR which revealed presence of velogenic APMV-1 belonging to lineage 4A (GKKRKR*F Lin.4A) or genotype VIb. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report about the detection and molecular characterization of APMV-1 in pigeon in Libya. The phylogenetic analysis of the F gene showed 86% identity to isolates from Iran and Egypt. This study may indicate the circulation of APMV-1 within backyard birds and pigeons which may present a threat to commercial poultry. Considering these findings, vaccination of backyard birds and pigeons and epidemiological studies are strongly strongly recommended.

Key words: Avian Paramyxovirus-1; Newcastle disease; Chickens; Pigeons; Molecular characterization; Phylogenetic analysis.


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Molecular Characterization of Velogenic Newcastle Disease Virus (Sub-Genotype VII.1.1) from Wild Birds, with Assessment of Its Pathogenicity in Susceptible Chickens
Animals 2021; 11(2): 505.

1
 
A Review of Pathogen Transmission at the Backyard Chicken–Wild Bird Interface
Front. Vet. Sci. 2020; 7(): .

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Updated unified phylogenetic classification system and revised nomenclature for Newcastle disease virus
Infection, Genetics and Evolution 2019; 74(): 103917.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kammon A, Monne I, Asheg A, Cattoli G. Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 401-405. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8


Web Style

Kammon A, Monne I, Asheg A, Cattoli G. Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=300047 [Access: February 04, 2023]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kammon A, Monne I, Asheg A, Cattoli G. Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 401-405. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kammon A, Monne I, Asheg A, Cattoli G. Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya. Open Vet J. (2018), [cited February 04, 2023]; 8(4): 401-405. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8



Harvard Style

Kammon, A., Monne, . I., Asheg, . A. & Cattoli, . G. (2018) Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya. Open Vet J, 8 (4), 401-405. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8



Turabian Style

Kammon, Abdulwahab, Isabella Monne, Abdulatif Asheg, and Giovanni Cattoli. 2018. Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 401-405. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8



Chicago Style

Kammon, Abdulwahab, Isabella Monne, Abdulatif Asheg, and Giovanni Cattoli. "Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 8 (2018), 401-405. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kammon, Abdulwahab, Isabella Monne, Abdulatif Asheg, and Giovanni Cattoli. "Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 8.4 (2018), 401-405. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kammon, A., Monne, . I., Asheg, . A. & Cattoli, . G. (2018) Molecular Detection and Characterisation of Avian Paramyxovirus type 1 in Backyard Chickens and Pigeons in Alzintan City of Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 401-405. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.8