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Original Article


Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups

Zeina Soayfane, Bilal Houshaymi, Robin A J Nicholas.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of the World Organisation of Animal Health- listed contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, is a member of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster which comprises five pathogenic mycoplasmas of ruminants. These mycoplasmas are closely related immunologically and genetically which can lead to difficulties for differential diagnosis. The patterns of substrate metabolism of strains of M. c. capripneumoniae, gathered from diverse geographic regions, were studied by measurement of oxygen uptake rates. The strains fell into two major biochemical groups: one which only oxidised organic acids and glycerol and the other which could additionally metabolise sugars. Furthermore when DNA-DNA hybridisation tests were carried out these two groups of strains could be separated by their degree of DNA homology, the mean hybridisation value between members of the two groups was 86% well above the value of 70% normally used to indicate separate species. DNA-DNA hybridisation was also carried out between M. c. capripneumoniae strains and other members of the M. mycoides cluster. These experiments used labelled DNA from two representative subsp. capripneumoniae strains; these were 7/1a (organic acid-oxidising) and 4/2 LC (glucose-oxidising). The results showed a particularly close relationship of the glucose-oxidising strain to M leachii strains.

Key words: Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, substrate metabolism, DNA-DNA hybridisation


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

A mini-review on diagnosis of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia
Indian J of Anim Sci 2021; 91(9): .

1
 
Novel Candidates for Vaccine Development Against Mycoplasma Capricolum Subspecies Capripneumoniae (Mccp)—Current Knowledge and Future Prospects
Vaccines 2019; 7(3): 71.

2
 
Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia – a comprehensive review
Veterinary Quarterly 2019; 39(1): 1.

3
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Soayfane Z, Houshaymi B, Nicholas RAJ. Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 393-400. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7


Web Style

Soayfane Z, Houshaymi B, Nicholas RAJ. Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=298714 [Access: February 04, 2023]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Soayfane Z, Houshaymi B, Nicholas RAJ. Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 393-400. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Soayfane Z, Houshaymi B, Nicholas RAJ. Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups. Open Vet J. (2018), [cited February 04, 2023]; 8(4): 393-400. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7



Harvard Style

Soayfane, Z., Houshaymi, . B. & Nicholas, . R. A. J. (2018) Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups. Open Vet J, 8 (4), 393-400. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7



Turabian Style

Soayfane, Zeina, Bilal Houshaymi, and Robin A J Nicholas. 2018. Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 393-400. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7



Chicago Style

Soayfane, Zeina, Bilal Houshaymi, and Robin A J Nicholas. "Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups." Open Veterinary Journal 8 (2018), 393-400. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Soayfane, Zeina, Bilal Houshaymi, and Robin A J Nicholas. "Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups." Open Veterinary Journal 8.4 (2018), 393-400. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Soayfane, Z., Houshaymi, . B. & Nicholas, . R. A. J. (2018) Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, the cause of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, comprises two distinct biochemical groups. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 393-400. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.7