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Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone)

J. Kouamo1,*, W.F. Tassemo Tankou1, A.P. Zoli1, G.S. Bah2 and A.C. Ngo Ongla3.


Cited By:25

Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in Douala, Cameroon. The reproductive performance of gilts and multiparous sows (38 per group) from 8 selected farms were monitored and controlled. Thereafter, piglets were controlled from birth to weaning age. The age at first service (AFS), fertility index (FI), fecundity, age at first farrowing (AFF), weight at first farrowing (WtFF) and litter size (LS) of gilts were 179.97 ± 25.40 days; 1.76 ± 0.77; 100 ± 0.00; 350.47 ± 40.58 days; 107.26 ± 31.85 kg and 7.18 ± 1.93 piglets, respectively. In sows, the FI, fecundity, LS and farrowing interval (FarI) were 1.13 ± 0.34; 100 ± 0.00; 9.03 ± 2.14 piglets and 179.63 ± 25.14 days, respectively. FI and LS were better in sows compared to gilts (P = 0.000). The sex ratio was 0.63. Local breed animals reared in semi-modern farms and fed mixed feed showed the lowest WtFF. In piglets, the average birth weight (kg), the average weaning weight (kg), age at weaning (days) and survival rate (%) until weaning were 1.32 ± 0.20, 10.60 ± 1.41, 56.86 ± 8.24 and 48.43, respectively. These results indicated that reproductive performance is strongly influenced by breed, feed and farm type.

Key words: Douala, Feed, Fertility, Growth, Pig breed.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla. Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone). Open Vet J. 2015; 5(1): 64-70. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64


Web Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla. Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone). https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=302656825 [Access: May 02, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla. Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone). Open Vet J. 2015; 5(1): 64-70. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla. Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone). Open Vet J. (2015), [cited May 02, 2024]; 5(1): 64-70. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64



Harvard Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla (2015) Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone). Open Vet J, 5 (1), 64-70. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64



Turabian Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla. 2015. Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone). Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (1), 64-70. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64



Chicago Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla. "Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone)." Open Veterinary Journal 5 (2015), 64-70. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla. "Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone)." Open Veterinary Journal 5.1 (2015), 64-70. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

J. Kouamo,, W.F. Tassemo Tankou, A.P. Zoli, G.S. Bah and A.C. Ngo Ongla (2015) Assessment of reproductive and growth performances of pig breeds in the peri-urban area of Douala (Equatorial Zone). Open Veterinary Journal, 5 (1), 64-70. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2015.v5.i1.p64