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A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation

M.A. Marzok1,2 and S.A. El-khodery3,4,*.

Abstract
The clinical diagnosis, ultrasonographic findings, surgical management, outcome, and survival rate of perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation in 12 male calves are described. All calves were crossbred and intact males. The most noticeable clinical presentations were perineal (n= 10) or prescrotal (n= 2) swellings and micturition problems. The main ultrasonographic findings were oval shaped dilatation of the urethra in all animals with dimensions of 40-75 X 30-62 mm. The calves with perineal urethral dilatation were treated by perineal urethrostomy (n= 4) and partial penile transection including the dilated urethra and urethral fistulation (n= 6). Prescrotal urethral dilatations were treated by penile transection proximal to the dilatation site (n= 2). Cystitis and stricture of the urethra were recorded postoperatively for two of the calves that underwent perineal urethrostomy. Nine animals were slaughtered at normal body weight approximately 6-8 months after the surgical treatment. Three animals were slaughtered after approximately three to four months, two of them having gained insufficient body weight. Our study shows that ultrasonography is a useful tool for the diagnosis of urethral dilatation in bovine calves. Our study also shows that the partial penile transection may be a suitable and satisfactory choice of surgical treatment for correcting the urethral dilatation in bovine calves.

Key words: Male calves, Penile transaction, Perineal urethrostomy, Ultrasonography, Urethral dilatation.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,,. A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. Open Vet J. 2013; 3(2): 106-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106


Web Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,,. A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=302656859 [Access: February 07, 2023]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,,. A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. Open Vet J. 2013; 3(2): 106-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,,. A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. Open Vet J. (2013), [cited February 07, 2023]; 3(2): 106-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106



Harvard Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,, (2013) A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. Open Vet J, 3 (2), 106-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106



Turabian Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,,. 2013. A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. Open Veterinary Journal, 3 (2), 106-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106



Chicago Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,,. "A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation." Open Veterinary Journal 3 (2013), 106-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,,. "A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation." Open Veterinary Journal 3.2 (2013), 106-113. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

M.A. Marzok, and S.A. El-khodery,, (2013) A comparison of surgical outcomes of perineal urethrostomy plus penile resection and perineal urethrostomy in twelve calves with perineal or prescrotal urethral dilatation. Open Veterinary Journal, 3 (2), 106-113. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2013.v3.i2.p106