E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya

Khawla K. Bukha, Shaima A. M. Mahgiubi, Asma M. Elbahi, Ehab A. Sharif, Mohamed L. Showehdi, Mohamed O. Ahmed, Abdulwahab M. kammon, Yousef M. Abouzeed.


Cited By:1

Abstract
Background:
Vibrios are aquatic bacteria and ubiquitous in the marine environment causing Vibriosis in humans and aquatic animals. Vibriosis is a significant disease of cultured and wild fish living in marine water, brackish, and freshwater, which causes highly economic losses.
Aim:
The present study was aimed to address the impact of Vibrios on the health status of Trachurus trachurus inhabiting coastal area of Tripoli.
Methods:
A total of 100 samples of (Trachurus trachurus) were collected randomly from the Western Coast of Tripoli and Bab Al- Baher market, throughout the period from spring 2019 to summer 2019.All the sampled fish were examined externally and internally to identify any potential lesions. Bacterial isolation from liver and kidney was carried out using the appropriate culture media. Tissue samples were taken from liver, kidney and spleen in 10% neutral buffered formalin for histopathology examination. The tissue sections were stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) to assess morphologically and Perl's Prussian blue for the demonstration of ferric iron.
Results:
On average 69% of the infected fish exhibited at least one pathological lesion. Vibrios were recovered from 90% of the examined fishes. The histopathological changes in the liver were observed as severe congestion of blood vessels, mononuclear cell infiltration surrounding a bile duct, granular degeneration and coagulative necrosis of hepatocytes in the centrilobular area, marked vacuolar degeneration of hepatocytes, activation of melano-macrophages centers (MMCs), multiple cysts of nematode in hepatic tissue (incidental finding). With respect to kidney and spleen, examination of H & E stained tissue sections have severe congestion of blood vessels, vacuolar degeneration of the renal tubular epithelium, severe interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration, and marked activation of melano-macrophages centers (MMCs) in the kidney. Moreover, congestion of blood vessels and marked activation of melano-macrophages (MMCs) were found in the spleen. The melano-macrophage centers (MMCs) of most of the sampled tissues showed a strong positive reaction for ferric iron.
Conclusion:
The polluted aquatic environment by sewage at Tripoli Coast is an essential factor for triggering the pathogenicity and invasion of Vibrios to vulnerable Atlantic horse mackerel fishes. Also, this study are a preliminary step to give a baseline for further future studies on epidemiology and control of Vibrio infection in Libyan fish.

Key words: Atlantic horse mackerel fish, Vibrionaceae, Histopathological changes, Melano-macrophages centers


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
HTML Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Khawla K. Bukha
Articles by Shaima A. M. Mahgiubi
Articles by Asma M. Elbahi
Articles by Ehab A. Sharif
Articles by Mohamed L. Showehdi
Articles by Mohamed O. Ahmed
Articles by Abdulwahab M. kammon
Articles by Yousef M. Abouzeed
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bukha KK, Mahgiubi SAM, Elbahi AM, Sharif EA, Showehdi ML, Ahmed MO, kammon AM, Abouzeed YM. Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(3): 327-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9


Web Style

Bukha KK, Mahgiubi SAM, Elbahi AM, Sharif EA, Showehdi ML, Ahmed MO, kammon AM, Abouzeed YM. Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=64965 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bukha KK, Mahgiubi SAM, Elbahi AM, Sharif EA, Showehdi ML, Ahmed MO, kammon AM, Abouzeed YM. Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(3): 327-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bukha KK, Mahgiubi SAM, Elbahi AM, Sharif EA, Showehdi ML, Ahmed MO, kammon AM, Abouzeed YM. Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited February 13, 2024]; 13(3): 327-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9



Harvard Style

Bukha, K. K., Mahgiubi, . S. A. M., Elbahi, . A. M., Sharif, . E. A., Showehdi, . M. L., Ahmed, . M. O., kammon, . A. M. & Abouzeed, . Y. M. (2023) Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J, 13 (3), 327-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9



Turabian Style

Bukha, Khawla K., Shaima A. M. Mahgiubi, Asma M. Elbahi, Ehab A. Sharif, Mohamed L. Showehdi, Mohamed O. Ahmed, Abdulwahab M. kammon, and Yousef M. Abouzeed. 2023. Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (3), 327-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9



Chicago Style

Bukha, Khawla K., Shaima A. M. Mahgiubi, Asma M. Elbahi, Ehab A. Sharif, Mohamed L. Showehdi, Mohamed O. Ahmed, Abdulwahab M. kammon, and Yousef M. Abouzeed. "Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 327-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bukha, Khawla K., Shaima A. M. Mahgiubi, Asma M. Elbahi, Ehab A. Sharif, Mohamed L. Showehdi, Mohamed O. Ahmed, Abdulwahab M. kammon, and Yousef M. Abouzeed. "Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 13.3 (2023), 327-336. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bukha, K. K., Mahgiubi, . S. A. M., Elbahi, . A. M., Sharif, . E. A., Showehdi, . M. L., Ahmed, . M. O., kammon, . A. M. & Abouzeed, . Y. M. (2023) Pathological lesions associated with Vibrio infection in Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus L., 1758) from the Western Coast of Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (3), 327-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i3.9