E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya

Murad A Hiblu, Omar M Ellraiss, Elfurgani S Karim, Rabia A Elmishri, Enass M Duro, Abdulnasser A Altaeb, Emad M Bennour.


Cited By:9

Abstract
Background: Feline otitis externa is a dermatological disorder with a multifactorial complex etiology. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of different etiological agents, particularly the parasitic and bacterial, responsible for the cases of feline otitis externa in Tripoli, Libya, and to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility of the bacterial isolates from those cases. Methods: Cerumen and otic discharges of suspected cats were collected for parasite detection and bacterial culture. Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Results: The results showed that otodectic mite and bacterial causes were equally the most prevalent in those cases, with a prevalence of 47.1% each. Otodectes cynotis infestation was more frequently bilateral and severe. Staphylococcus spp. were the most prevalent among bacterial causes (75%), followed by Proteus spp. (16.6%) and Pseudomonas spp. (8.4%). Norfloxacin and gentamicin were the most effective antimicrobials against bacterial isolates, as they were effective against 83.3% and 70.8% of isolates, respectively. Conclusion: The Otodectes cynotis infestation and staphylococcal infection were the most common etiology of feline otitis externa in Tripoli, Libya, and norfloxacin represents a cogent antibacterial for the treatment of otitis externa.

Key words: cats, otitis externa, ear mite, bacteria, antimicrobial susceptibility


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hiblu MA, Ellraiss OM, Karim ES, Elmishri RA, Duro EM, Altaeb AA, Bennour EM. Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(4): 377-383. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4


Web Style

Hiblu MA, Ellraiss OM, Karim ES, Elmishri RA, Duro EM, Altaeb AA, Bennour EM. Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=8090 [Access: July 13, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hiblu MA, Ellraiss OM, Karim ES, Elmishri RA, Duro EM, Altaeb AA, Bennour EM. Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(4): 377-383. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hiblu MA, Ellraiss OM, Karim ES, Elmishri RA, Duro EM, Altaeb AA, Bennour EM. Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J. (2020), [cited July 13, 2024]; 10(4): 377-383. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4



Harvard Style

Hiblu, M. A., Ellraiss, . O. M., Karim, . E. S., Elmishri, . R. A., Duro, . E. M., Altaeb, . A. A. & Bennour, . E. M. (2020) Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya. Open Vet J, 10 (4), 377-383. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4



Turabian Style

Hiblu, Murad A, Omar M Ellraiss, Elfurgani S Karim, Rabia A Elmishri, Enass M Duro, Abdulnasser A Altaeb, and Emad M Bennour. 2020. Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (4), 377-383. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4



Chicago Style

Hiblu, Murad A, Omar M Ellraiss, Elfurgani S Karim, Rabia A Elmishri, Enass M Duro, Abdulnasser A Altaeb, and Emad M Bennour. "Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 10 (2020), 377-383. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hiblu, Murad A, Omar M Ellraiss, Elfurgani S Karim, Rabia A Elmishri, Enass M Duro, Abdulnasser A Altaeb, and Emad M Bennour. "Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya." Open Veterinary Journal 10.4 (2020), 377-383. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hiblu, M. A., Ellraiss, . O. M., Karim, . E. S., Elmishri, . R. A., Duro, . E. M., Altaeb, . A. A. & Bennour, . E. M. (2020) Otodectic and Bacterial Etiology of Feline Otitis Externa in Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (4), 377-383. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i4.4