E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Review Article


Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids

Rehan Ashraf, Saba Rashid, Imaad Rasheed, Sana Asif.

Abstract
This paper includes the study about early embryonic death, predisposing factors of early embryonic death and treatment. Early embryonic death refers to the fetal mortality which varies in mare and camelids but most probably not later than 50 days of gestation. This duration may be divided into very early mortality, early mortality, and late embryonic mortality. This also varies in mare and camelids. There are different embryonic, maternal, environmental/external, infectious, and noninfectious factors which lead to early embryonic loss. Diagnosis is very difficult as in most of the cases resorption of fetus occurs, but it is done using ultrasound machine. Unfortunately, there is no treatment to avoid early embryonic mortality. However, new reproductive technologies have increased the service rate in a herd, and efforts are still being made to determine the rate and frequency of camel embryonic loss.

Key words: Mortality, Economic losses, Mares, Progesterone, Corpus luteum


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ashraf R, Rashid S, Rasheed I, Asif S. Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(6): 903-909. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16


Web Style

Ashraf R, Rashid S, Rasheed I, Asif S. Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=89742 [Access: February 05, 2023]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ashraf R, Rashid S, Rasheed I, Asif S. Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(6): 903-909. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ashraf R, Rashid S, Rasheed I, Asif S. Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids. Open Vet J. (2022), [cited February 05, 2023]; 12(6): 903-909. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16



Harvard Style

Ashraf, R., Rashid, . S., Rasheed, . I. & Asif, . S. (2022) Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids. Open Vet J, 12 (6), 903-909. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16



Turabian Style

Ashraf, Rehan, Saba Rashid, Imaad Rasheed, and Sana Asif. 2022. Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (6), 903-909. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16



Chicago Style

Ashraf, Rehan, Saba Rashid, Imaad Rasheed, and Sana Asif. "Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids." Open Veterinary Journal 12 (2022), 903-909. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ashraf, Rehan, Saba Rashid, Imaad Rasheed, and Sana Asif. "Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids." Open Veterinary Journal 12.6 (2022), 903-909. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ashraf, R., Rashid, . S., Rasheed, . I. & Asif, . S. (2022) Early embryonic death in Equines and Camelids. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (6), 903-909. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i6.16