E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis

Tatiane Villar , Ana Lucia Pascoli, Sabal Chaulagain, Bahaa A. Fadl alla, Bianca C. Martins.


Cited By:3

Abstract
Background: Corneal neovascularization can result from many pathological processes affecting the ocular surface leading to disturbances and opacifications that reduce corneal clarity and may impact vision. In veterinary medicine, the use of topical corticosteroid is contra-indicated in the presence of ulcerative keratitis, and there is sparse research regarding safe medical alternatives to inhibit corneal neovascularization in dogs to improve visual outcome.
Aim: To investigate the pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate (EAMH) and its in-vitro VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) inhibition in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis.
Methods: Homogenates from 10 equine amniotic membranes (AM) were analyzed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantification of equine PEDF and VEGF. Forty tear samples were collected from both eyes of dogs diagnosed with vascularized ulcerative keratitis, and 50 samples from healthy dogs. Samples from affected eyes were allocated to G1 – affected undiluted tears; G2 – affected tears diluted with phosphate buffer solution (PBS); G3 – affected tears treated with low-concentrated EAMH; and G4 – affected tears treated with high-concentrated EAMH. Tears from the unaffected contralateral eyes composed G5, while G6 was composed by tears from healthy dogs (control). The presence and levels of VEGF were evaluated in all groups by western blot and ELISA.
Results: The PEDF:VEGF ratio in EAMH was 110:1. An increase in VEGF levels was observed in tears from eyes with vascularized corneal ulcers (G1) as well as in contralateral tears (G5), compared to normal dogs (G6). High-concentrated EAMH provided greater decrease in VEGF levels in-vitro compared to low-concentrated EAMH.
Conclusion: EAMHs exhibited high concentrations of PEDF in comparison to VEGF and were able to partially decrease VEGF levels in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcers, in-vitro. Our results suggest that VEGF concentration is elevated in tears of dogs with active vascularized ulcerative keratitis in both affected and contralateral eyes, compared to that of healthy dogs.

Key words: amniotic membrane, corneal vascularization, dog, VEGF, PEDF


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

TV, Pascoli AL, Chaulagain S, alla BAF, Martins BC, . Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(3): 289-296. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7


Web Style

TV, Pascoli AL, Chaulagain S, alla BAF, Martins BC, . Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=90220 [Access: February 14, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

TV, Pascoli AL, Chaulagain S, alla BAF, Martins BC, . Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(3): 289-296. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

TV, Pascoli AL, Chaulagain S, alla BAF, Martins BC, . Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis. Open Vet J. (2020), [cited February 14, 2024]; 10(3): 289-296. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7



Harvard Style

, T. V., Pascoli, A. L., Chaulagain, S., alla, B. A. F., Martins, B. C. & (2020) Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis. Open Vet J, 10 (3), 289-296. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7



Turabian Style

, Tatiane Villar, Ana Lucia Pascoli, Sabal Chaulagain, Bahaa A. Fadl alla, Bianca C. Martins, and . 2020. Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (3), 289-296. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7



Chicago Style

, Tatiane Villar, Ana Lucia Pascoli, Sabal Chaulagain, Bahaa A. Fadl alla, Bianca C. Martins, and . "Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis." Open Veterinary Journal 10 (2020), 289-296. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Tatiane Villar, Ana Lucia Pascoli, Sabal Chaulagain, Bahaa A. Fadl alla, Bianca C. Martins, and . "Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis." Open Veterinary Journal 10.3 (2020), 289-296. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, T. V., Pascoli, A. L., Chaulagain, S., alla, B. A. F., Martins, B. C. & (2020) Evaluation of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) concentration in equine amniotic membrane homogenate and its in-vitro vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition effect in tears of dogs with vascularized ulcerative keratitis. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (3), 289-296. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.7