E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms

Vanessa Turinelli, Giacomo Rossi, Alessandra Gavazza.


Abstract
Background:
In clinical routine, it can happen that to an abnormal hemogram corresponds an unexpected cytological normal bone marrow examination that can be difficult to interpret and to menage.
Aim:
This cytologically retrospective study wants to evaluate a consistent number of qualitative and quantitative normal bone marrow exams according to the hematological and clinical-pathological data to judge if this normality is by itself a pathologic state.
Methods:
Six hundred and thirteen bone marrow samples were examined. The bone marrow cytological examinations were performed using morphological and numerical criteria together with a complete hemogram, after the identification of clinical or hematological alterations such as multiple lymph nodes enlarged, positive leishmania serological result, staging of neoplasia, cytopenia, increased number of cells or suspicion of malignant blood disorders.
Results:
Of the 613 bone marrow samples evaluated, 85 (14%) were classified as normal or without cytological abnormalities; however only 28 (33%) of those cases has a normal hemogram associated, whereas 55 (65%) has one or more cytopenia and 2 (2%) has increased blood cells count.
Conclusion:
From this study emerge that cytological bone marrow examinations without any morphological or numerical abnormalities are often associated with altered hematological exams and for this reason they should not be considered normal and should lead to other deepened investigations.

Key words: Canine, Bone marrow, Cytological examination, Hemogram data


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

VT, Rossi G, Gavazza A. Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(2): 233-240. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12


Web Style

VT, Rossi G, Gavazza A. Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=113543 [Access: February 28, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

VT, Rossi G, Gavazza A. Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(2): 233-240. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

VT, Rossi G, Gavazza A. Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited February 28, 2024]; 13(2): 233-240. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12



Harvard Style

, V. T., Rossi, . G. & Gavazza, . A. (2023) Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms. Open Vet J, 13 (2), 233-240. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12



Turabian Style

, Vanessa Turinelli, Giacomo Rossi, and Alessandra Gavazza. 2023. Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (2), 233-240. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12



Chicago Style

, Vanessa Turinelli, Giacomo Rossi, and Alessandra Gavazza. "Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 233-240. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Vanessa Turinelli, Giacomo Rossi, and Alessandra Gavazza. "Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms." Open Veterinary Journal 13.2 (2023), 233-240. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, V. T., Rossi, . G. & Gavazza, . A. (2023) Retrospective study of 613 canine cytologically normal bone marrows associated to altered hemograms: Description, possible interpretation and review of the principal physiological hematopoietic mechanisms. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (2), 233-240. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.12