E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico

Julian E. Garcia-Rejon, Ingrid Y. Cab-Cauich, Julio C. Tzuc-Dzul, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Wilbert A. Chi-Chim, Jose I. Chan-Perez, Karla Y. Acosta-Viana, Carlos M. Baak-Baak.


Cited By:1

Abstract
Background:
Hematophagous mites affect numerous bird species, causing severe injuries to the budgerigars. Some species can cause dermatitis in humans.
Aims:
The purpose was to morphologically identify the mites related to budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) and their nests in Yucatan, Mexico.
Methods:
In May 2022, a private budgerigar hatchery was visited and mites were collected from the bodies of the birds and their nests. The morphological traits of the mites were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy.
Results:
Four of 30 birds showed severe clinical signs of mite infestation. The Budgerigars revealed lesions in the cere, nostrils, eyelids, beak, and paws. The bird's skin showed signs of dryness and beige colouring. The birds with severe damage also presented anorexia and had deformed paws and beaks. The parasitosis was caused by the "burrowing mites", Knemidocoptes pilae (Lavoipierre and Griffiths, 1951). The burrowing mites and the Grallacheles bakeri (De Leon 1962) were recovered and identified from paw scabs. To eliminate mites, a topical application of Ivermectin was administered to the necks of the birds. The dose was a single, which has a residuality of 21 days. Two drops (0.115mg/ml) of ivermectin were applied to each bird. A gradual reduction in crusted lesions due to mite mortality was noted. The "tropical fowl mite" Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese, 1888) was identified in the nests, which represent the first record in Mexico.
Conclusions:
Three species of mites were discovered in a single budgerigar hatchery. This emphasizes the importance of deworming birds and keeping a clean environment in their cages to reduce the potential for parasitic mite infestation.

Key words: Ornamental birds, Knemidocoptes pilae, Grallacheles bakeri, Tropical fowl mite, Predatory mites


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Garcia-Rejon JE, Cab-Cauich IY, Tzuc-Dzul JC, Cigarroa-Toledo N, WAC, Chan-Perez JI, Acosta-Viana KY, Baak-Baak CM. Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(1): 20-25. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3


Web Style

Garcia-Rejon JE, Cab-Cauich IY, Tzuc-Dzul JC, Cigarroa-Toledo N, WAC, Chan-Perez JI, Acosta-Viana KY, Baak-Baak CM. Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=114584 [Access: June 03, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Garcia-Rejon JE, Cab-Cauich IY, Tzuc-Dzul JC, Cigarroa-Toledo N, WAC, Chan-Perez JI, Acosta-Viana KY, Baak-Baak CM. Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(1): 20-25. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Garcia-Rejon JE, Cab-Cauich IY, Tzuc-Dzul JC, Cigarroa-Toledo N, WAC, Chan-Perez JI, Acosta-Viana KY, Baak-Baak CM. Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited June 03, 2024]; 13(1): 20-25. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3



Harvard Style

Garcia-Rejon, J. E., Cab-Cauich, . I. Y., Tzuc-Dzul, . J. C., Cigarroa-Toledo, . N., , . W. A. C., Chan-Perez, . J. I., Acosta-Viana, . K. Y. & Baak-Baak, . C. M. (2023) Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico. Open Vet J, 13 (1), 20-25. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3



Turabian Style

Garcia-Rejon, Julian E., Ingrid Y. Cab-Cauich, Julio C. Tzuc-Dzul, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Wilbert A. Chi-Chim, Jose I. Chan-Perez, Karla Y. Acosta-Viana, and Carlos M. Baak-Baak. 2023. Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (1), 20-25. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3



Chicago Style

Garcia-Rejon, Julian E., Ingrid Y. Cab-Cauich, Julio C. Tzuc-Dzul, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Wilbert A. Chi-Chim, Jose I. Chan-Perez, Karla Y. Acosta-Viana, and Carlos M. Baak-Baak. "Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 20-25. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Garcia-Rejon, Julian E., Ingrid Y. Cab-Cauich, Julio C. Tzuc-Dzul, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Wilbert A. Chi-Chim, Jose I. Chan-Perez, Karla Y. Acosta-Viana, and Carlos M. Baak-Baak. "Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico." Open Veterinary Journal 13.1 (2023), 20-25. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Garcia-Rejon, J. E., Cab-Cauich, . I. Y., Tzuc-Dzul, . J. C., Cigarroa-Toledo, . N., , . W. A. C., Chan-Perez, . J. I., Acosta-Viana, . K. Y. & Baak-Baak, . C. M. (2023) Mites associated with budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae) and the first report of Ornithonyssus bursa (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) in Mexico. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (1), 20-25. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i1.3