E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Research Article


Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations

Bassam A. Alhawas, Mohamad Abdulmohsen, Mohammed A. Abdelghani, Faisal Almathen, Ahmed I. El Sheikh, Sherief M. Abdel-Raheem.


Abstract
Background:
Biostimulation is a management practice that improves the reproductive parameters, potentiates the desire, and improves the reproductive efficiency during the short breeding season in camels.
Aim:
This study aims to investigate the concurrent changes in hormonal profiles in response to management and behavioral situations on camel farms in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia.
Methods:
A total of 10 male and 50 female camels were used in this study. The hormonal profile of male camels was evaluated weekly starting from December to August.
Results:
The results show that both serum testosterone and cortisol levels increased (P < 0.01) from December to March compared to April to August. A strong negative correlation was observed between testosterone levels and temperature (r = -0.81, P<0.05), and a similarly robust negative correlation was found between cortisol levels and temperature (r = -0.83, P<0.05). The dominant rutting males showed higher levels of testosterone than the submissive males. Serum testosterone levels increased (P < 0.01) in males out of rutting after hearing the sounds of other couples before and during mating.
Conclusion:
Hearing sounds emitted during mating increases the testosterone output, and improves the libido of male camels during the non-rutting period. It is important to keep two individually housed males for mating purposes. One male joins the herd alone in winter (winter rutter), and the other joins in spring (spring rutter), this could keep the libido extended rutting and improve the reproductive performance in camel herds.

Key words: Camel, Cortisol, Testosterone, Dominant, Submissive


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alhawas BA, Abdulmohsen M, Abdelghani MA, Almathen F, Sheikh AIE, Abdel-Raheem SM. Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 108 -115. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10


Web Style

Alhawas BA, Abdulmohsen M, Abdelghani MA, Almathen F, Sheikh AIE, Abdel-Raheem SM. Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=175118 [Access: June 03, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhawas BA, Abdulmohsen M, Abdelghani MA, Almathen F, Sheikh AIE, Abdel-Raheem SM. Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations. Open Vet J. 2024; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 108 -115. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhawas BA, Abdulmohsen M, Abdelghani MA, Almathen F, Sheikh AIE, Abdel-Raheem SM. Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited June 03, 2024]; 14((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)): 108 -115. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10



Harvard Style

Alhawas, B. A., Abdulmohsen, . M., Abdelghani, . M. A., Almathen, . F., Sheikh, . A. I. E. & Abdel-Raheem, . S. M. (2024) Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations. Open Vet J, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 108 -115. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10



Turabian Style

Alhawas, Bassam A., Mohamad Abdulmohsen, Mohammed A. Abdelghani, Faisal Almathen, Ahmed I. El Sheikh, and Sherief M. Abdel-Raheem. 2024. Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 108 -115. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10



Chicago Style

Alhawas, Bassam A., Mohamad Abdulmohsen, Mohammed A. Abdelghani, Faisal Almathen, Ahmed I. El Sheikh, and Sherief M. Abdel-Raheem. "Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 108 -115. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhawas, Bassam A., Mohamad Abdulmohsen, Mohammed A. Abdelghani, Faisal Almathen, Ahmed I. El Sheikh, and Sherief M. Abdel-Raheem. "Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations." Open Veterinary Journal 14.(1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference) (2024), 108 -115. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhawas, B. A., Abdulmohsen, . M., Abdelghani, . M. A., Almathen, . F., Sheikh, . A. I. E. & Abdel-Raheem, . S. M. (2024) Fluctuations of testosterone and cortisol levels in male dromedary camels in response to behavioral and management situations. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 ((1) (Zagazig Veterinary Conference)), 108 -115. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i1.10