E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Case Report


Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report

Radka Garnoeva, Rumen Roydev, Radina Vasileva.


Abstract
Background:
Fractures with large bone defects and non-unions are a great challenge for veterinary orthopaedists. In small dog breeds, this complication is commonly encountered in fractures of the radius and ulna due to poorer vascularisation of the distal antebrachium region.
Case Description:
A case of radius/ulnar non-union in a 1.5-year-old Pinscher occurring after trauma and two successive unsuccessful osteosyntheses is described. During the operative revision, after removal of existing bone implants, the bone defect was filled with cortical autologous bone graft. Autocancellous bone mixed with erythropoietin was applied proximally and distally to the cortical autograft for stimulation of bone healing. The post-operative period was without complications. As early as the 9th post-operative week, the animal was able to bear weight on the limb, without signs of lameness, pain and swelling. Radiologically, a very good bridging of the graft was observed. Fifteen weeks after the operative revision, the fracture was completely healed with excellent clinical outcome.
Conclusion:
The application of autogenous cortical bone graft and cancellous autograft mixed with erythropoietin demonstrated an excellent therapeutic effect and resulted in complete regeneration of the large bone defect over a 15-week period.

Key words: Dog, Radius and ulna fracture, Erythropoietin, Cancellous and cortical bone grafts, Non-union


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Garnoeva R, Roydev R, Vasileva R. Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(5): 1302-1308. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25


Web Style

Garnoeva R, Roydev R, Vasileva R. Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=184362 [Access: June 03, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Garnoeva R, Roydev R, Vasileva R. Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report. Open Vet J. 2024; 14(5): 1302-1308. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Garnoeva R, Roydev R, Vasileva R. Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report. Open Vet J. (2024), [cited June 03, 2024]; 14(5): 1302-1308. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25



Harvard Style

Garnoeva, R., Roydev, . R. & Vasileva, . R. (2024) Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report. Open Vet J, 14 (5), 1302-1308. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25



Turabian Style

Garnoeva, Radka, Rumen Roydev, and Radina Vasileva. 2024. Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (5), 1302-1308. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25



Chicago Style

Garnoeva, Radka, Rumen Roydev, and Radina Vasileva. "Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report." Open Veterinary Journal 14 (2024), 1302-1308. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Garnoeva, Radka, Rumen Roydev, and Radina Vasileva. "Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report." Open Veterinary Journal 14.5 (2024), 1302-1308. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Garnoeva, R., Roydev, . R. & Vasileva, . R. (2024) Erythropoietin as promoter of engraftment for treatment of radius/ulnar non-union fracture in a dog: Case report. Open Veterinary Journal, 14 (5), 1302-1308. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2024.v14.i5.25