E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Case Report


Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy

Mario Arenillas, Alicia Caro Vadillo, Ignacio A. Gomez de Segura.


Cited By:6

Abstract
A 5.5 year old, 32 kg Boxer, suffering a severe heart disease due to a final stage subaortic stenosis and mitral insufficiency, was anaesthetized for an ovariohysterectomy to remove an ovarian tumour that was producing high volume ascites. Methadone (0.3 mg kg-1) was given for premedication, etomidate (1.3 mg kg-1) and midazolam (0.2 mg kg-1) were used for anaesthetic induction and after endotracheal intubation, anaesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane vaporized in oxygen and air. Fentanyl (5-10 μg kg-1 h-1) and paracetamol (15 mg kg-1) were given to improve analgesia. Previous persistent atrial fibrillation was refractory to medication (digoxin, diltiazem and pimobendan) and maintained during the anaesthetic procedure. Dobutamine (1.5-5 µg kg-1 min-1) helped to maintain mean arterial blood pressure above 60 mmHg. Epidural morphine (0.1 mg kg-1) and incisional bupivacaine (2 mg kg-1) were administered at the end of surgery to provide postoperative analgesia. Otherwise, anaesthesia was uneventful, and recovery was considered excellent.

Key words: anaesthesia, atrial fibrillation, dog, mitral, subaortic stenosis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Arenillas M, Vadillo AC, Segura IAGd, . Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Open Vet J. 2019; 9(2): 157-163. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11


Web Style

Arenillas M, Vadillo AC, Segura IAGd, . Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=25247 [Access: February 14, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arenillas M, Vadillo AC, Segura IAGd, . Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Open Vet J. 2019; 9(2): 157-163. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arenillas M, Vadillo AC, Segura IAGd, . Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Open Vet J. (2019), [cited February 14, 2024]; 9(2): 157-163. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11



Harvard Style

Arenillas, M. ., Vadillo, A. . . C., Segura, I. A. . G. d. & (2019) Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Open Vet J, 9 (2), 157-163. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11



Turabian Style

Arenillas, Mario , Alicia Caro Vadillo, Ignacio A. Gomez de Segura, and . 2019. Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Open Veterinary Journal, 9 (2), 157-163. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11



Chicago Style

Arenillas, Mario , Alicia Caro Vadillo, Ignacio A. Gomez de Segura, and . "Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy." Open Veterinary Journal 9 (2019), 157-163. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arenillas, Mario , Alicia Caro Vadillo, Ignacio A. Gomez de Segura, and . "Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy." Open Veterinary Journal 9.2 (2019), 157-163. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arenillas, M. ., Vadillo, A. . . C., Segura, I. A. . G. d. & (2019) Anaesthetic management of a dog with severe subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease complicated with atrial fibrillation undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Open Veterinary Journal, 9 (2), 157-163. doi:10.4314/ovj.v9i2.11