E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium

Donatella De Zani, Vanessa Rabbogliatti, Giuliano Ravasio, Cinzia Pettinato, Mauro Di Giancamillo, Davide Danilo Zani.

Cited by (6)

Abstract
The use of contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of orthopedic pathologies in equine patients is poorly described. In few studies, enhanced MRI allowed to differentiate active lesions from chronic ones and to classify ambiguous lesions. The aim of this clinical prospective pilot study is to describe and compare the MRI lesions observed in horses with lameness localized to the foot using a single intravenous bolus dose of gadolinium contrast versus regional intraarterial bolus of contrast agent. Ten horses that underwent contrast enhanced MRI were included in the study. Gadolinium was injected intravenously in 3 patients and in 7 horses contrast agent was administered by intraarterial regional delivery. Regions of interest (ROI) were collected from both pre- and post-contrast images and ratios between pre- and post-contrast ROIs were calculated. No adverse reactions were noted after contrast agent injection. Injured structures that revealed greater increase in signal in post-contrast images were the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT), the navicular spongiosa and the peritendinous tissues. Regional intraarterial administration of gadolinium provided higher ratio of contrast enhancement. Enhanced MRI using both intravenous or intraarterial injection of gadolinium, increased the diagnostic capability of MRI in horses with foot lesions. Nevertheless, regional intraarterial administration of gadolinium was considered the best choice due to the higher signal and lower volumes of contrast agent required.

Key words: MRI, Equine, Contrast Agent, orthopedic, lameness


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zani DD, Rabbogliatti V, Ravasio G, Pettinato C, Giancamillo MD, Zani DD. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 471-478. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19


Web Style

Zani DD, Rabbogliatti V, Ravasio G, Pettinato C, Giancamillo MD, Zani DD. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=294653 [Access: February 04, 2023]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zani DD, Rabbogliatti V, Ravasio G, Pettinato C, Giancamillo MD, Zani DD. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium. Open Vet J. 2018; 8(4): 471-478. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zani DD, Rabbogliatti V, Ravasio G, Pettinato C, Giancamillo MD, Zani DD. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium. Open Vet J. (2018), [cited February 04, 2023]; 8(4): 471-478. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19



Harvard Style

Zani, D. D., Rabbogliatti, . V., Ravasio, . G., Pettinato, . C., Giancamillo, . M. D. & Zani, . D. D. (2018) Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium. Open Vet J, 8 (4), 471-478. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19



Turabian Style

Zani, Donatella De, Vanessa Rabbogliatti, Giuliano Ravasio, Cinzia Pettinato, Mauro Di Giancamillo, and Davide Danilo Zani. 2018. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 471-478. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19



Chicago Style

Zani, Donatella De, Vanessa Rabbogliatti, Giuliano Ravasio, Cinzia Pettinato, Mauro Di Giancamillo, and Davide Danilo Zani. "Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium." Open Veterinary Journal 8 (2018), 471-478. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zani, Donatella De, Vanessa Rabbogliatti, Giuliano Ravasio, Cinzia Pettinato, Mauro Di Giancamillo, and Davide Danilo Zani. "Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium." Open Veterinary Journal 8.4 (2018), 471-478. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zani, D. D., Rabbogliatti, . V., Ravasio, . G., Pettinato, . C., Giancamillo, . M. D. & Zani, . D. D. (2018) Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the foot in horses using intravenous versus regional intraarterial injection of gadolinium. Open Veterinary Journal, 8 (4), 471-478. doi:10.4314/ovj.v8i4.19