E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Research


Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

V. Kumar1,*, A. Raj2, P. Kumar3.


Abstract
The present study involved 50 adult female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatto) of age ranging between 4 to 15 years. Pregnancy diagnosis was done by using laparoscopic method. Anesthesia was achieved by using xylazine (2mg/kg) and ketamine (10mg/kg) intramuscularly. The gravid uterus was located close to the urinary bladder in early pregnancy and in abdominal cavity in the mid and late stage of pregnancy. The procedure was completed within 10 - 12 minutes. There were no complications after the surgery and recovery of animal was smooth and uneventful. The results of this study showed that laparoscopic method is also one of the methods of pregnancy diagnosis in rhesus macaques and it can be a precise and a reliable method of pregnancy diagnosis in rhesus macaques.

Key words: Free range, Laparoscopy, Pregnancy diagnosis, Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta)


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar. Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J. 2011; 1(0): 32-34. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32


Web Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar. Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=302656805 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar. Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J. 2011; 1(0): 32-34. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar. Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J. (2011), [cited February 13, 2024]; 1(0): 32-34. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32



Harvard Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar (2011) Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Vet J, 1 (0), 32-34. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32



Turabian Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar. 2011. Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Veterinary Journal, 1 (0), 32-34. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32



Chicago Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar. "Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)." Open Veterinary Journal 1 (2011), 32-34. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar. "Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)." Open Veterinary Journal 1.0 (2011), 32-34. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

V. Kumar,, A. Raj, P. Kumar (2011) Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Veterinary Journal, 1 (0), 32-34. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2011.v1.i0.p32