E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Case Report


Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog

Caroline Augusto Roque, Bruno Roque Lima, Guillermo Veiga Oliveira, Letícia Martins Nascimento.

Abstract
Background:
Primary lung neoplasms are, frequently represented by solid, solitary or multiple formations. However, malignant cavitary lesions may be presented as lung adenocarcinomas. Those malignants lesions differ from benignant bullae by the thickness e heterogeinity of its surrounding shape.
Case Description:
The present clinical case reports a 14-year-old female dog, of mixed breed, with an increase in the coughs frequency, fatigue and exercise intolerance. A chest X-ray was taken, a large emphysematous cystic area was found, with thickened and irregular walls located in the left caudal pulmonary lobe, which measured 8cm x 7.5cm x 3cm, and rejected the bronchial branch corresponding to the left caudal pulmonary lobe, in addition to thickening of the bronchial walls, compatible with bronchopathy. The tomographic examination of the cavity showed an air content structure, oval to round in shape, with irregular thick hyperattenuating walls measuring approximately 0.4 cm in thickness, occupying more than 30% of the left hemithorax, and pulmonary lobectomy was chosen. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of bronchoalveolar adenocarcinoma, with the presence of sparse areas of necrosis and dystrophic calcification.
Conclusion:
The present case successfully diagnosed a malignant bulae, after a surgical remove. The tomographic finds although not confirmatory, suggest a malignant component by the shape and thickness of its wall. The tomographic exam is of great importance, because only through it, it is possible to evaluate if there is lymph node or pleural involvement or the presence of small metastasis foci. There is indication for surgery and histopathological examination of the piece for a definitive diagnosis.

Key words: Blister, Dog, Computer tomography, Surgery


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Roque CA, Lima BR, Oliveira GV, Nascimento LM. Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(2): 241-246. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13


Web Style

Roque CA, Lima BR, Oliveira GV, Nascimento LM. Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=46944 [Access: December 05, 2023]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Roque CA, Lima BR, Oliveira GV, Nascimento LM. Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog. Open Vet J. 2023; 13(2): 241-246. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Roque CA, Lima BR, Oliveira GV, Nascimento LM. Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog. Open Vet J. (2023), [cited December 05, 2023]; 13(2): 241-246. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13



Harvard Style

Roque, C. A., Lima, . B. R., Oliveira, . G. V. & Nascimento, . L. M. (2023) Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog. Open Vet J, 13 (2), 241-246. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13



Turabian Style

Roque, Caroline Augusto, Bruno Roque Lima, Guillermo Veiga Oliveira, and Letícia Martins Nascimento. 2023. Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (2), 241-246. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13



Chicago Style

Roque, Caroline Augusto, Bruno Roque Lima, Guillermo Veiga Oliveira, and Letícia Martins Nascimento. "Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog." Open Veterinary Journal 13 (2023), 241-246. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Roque, Caroline Augusto, Bruno Roque Lima, Guillermo Veiga Oliveira, and Letícia Martins Nascimento. "Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog." Open Veterinary Journal 13.2 (2023), 241-246. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Roque, C. A., Lima, . B. R., Oliveira, . G. V. & Nascimento, . L. M. (2023) Giant and potentially malignant bullae in a dog. Open Veterinary Journal, 13 (2), 241-246. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2023.v13.i2.13