E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity

Alif Yahya Al-maruf, Regita Permata Sari, Imam Mustofa, Suzanita Utama, Chairul Anwar, Maslichah - Mafruchati, Eka Paramytha Hestianah, Lita Rakhma Yustinasari, Benjamin Christoffel Tehupuring, Djoko R Legowo, Boedi Setiawan.


Cited By:5

Abstract
Background: Varanus salvator is one of the reptiles being hunted by human beings for several purposes, including believed to be traditional medicine. The studies about reproductive biology aspects were limited.
Aim: This study aimed to determine the morphology, histology, and histometry of Varanus salvator paryphasmata and hemibaculum based on Snout-Vent Length (SVL) as an indicator of sexual maturity.
Methods: This study examined 18 pairs of hemipenis of V. salvator with SVL more and less than 40 cm in equal number. Paryphasmata and hemibaculum parts were observed visually and micro-sliced then stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin. Histo;ogical observation was conducted under a 40x, 100x, and 400x magnification of light microscope. The examination of the histometry of the paryphasmata were using 13 Megapixels Coolpad and OptiLab Plus for microscopic pictures. The chondrocyte cell area was measured using the Optilab Plus and Image Raster 3 applications.
Results: The sizes of glans of hemipenis, paryphasmata, and hemibaculum increased according to the increasing of SVL. The average paryphasmata row number, epidermis, and loose connective tissue thickness were not significantly different (p>0.05) . However, dense connective tissue was thicker (p<0.05), which corresponds to SVL. Hemibaculum was composed of fibrous and hyaline cartilage characterized by chondrocyte cells. The SVL also affects (p<0.05) the ossification of hyaline in hemipenis, while the chondrocyte cell area followed the equation -1.87E7 + 7.09E5* SVL.
Conclusion: The SVL size of V. salvator affects the paryphasmata, hemibaculum, thickness of dense connective tissue of paryphasmata, and the area of chondrocyte cells.

Key words: Chondrocytes, glans hemipenis, sexual maturity, snout-vent length.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

AYA, RPS, Mustofa I, Utama S, Anwar C, Mafruchati M-, Hestianah EP, Yustinasari LR, Tehupuring BC, Legowo DR, Setiawan B. Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity. Open Vet J. 2021; 11(2): 330-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18


Web Style

AYA, RPS, Mustofa I, Utama S, Anwar C, Mafruchati M-, Hestianah EP, Yustinasari LR, Tehupuring BC, Legowo DR, Setiawan B. Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=62826 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AYA, RPS, Mustofa I, Utama S, Anwar C, Mafruchati M-, Hestianah EP, Yustinasari LR, Tehupuring BC, Legowo DR, Setiawan B. Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity. Open Vet J. 2021; 11(2): 330-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AYA, RPS, Mustofa I, Utama S, Anwar C, Mafruchati M-, Hestianah EP, Yustinasari LR, Tehupuring BC, Legowo DR, Setiawan B. Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity. Open Vet J. (2021), [cited June 04, 2024]; 11(2): 330-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18



Harvard Style

, A. Y. A., , . R. P. S., Mustofa, . I., Utama, . S., Anwar, . C., Mafruchati, . M. -., Hestianah, . E. P., Yustinasari, . L. R., Tehupuring, . B. C., Legowo, . D. R. & Setiawan, . B. (2021) Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity. Open Vet J, 11 (2), 330-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18



Turabian Style

, Alif Yahya Al-maruf, Regita Permata Sari, Imam Mustofa, Suzanita Utama, Chairul Anwar, Maslichah - Mafruchati, Eka Paramytha Hestianah, Lita Rakhma Yustinasari, Benjamin Christoffel Tehupuring, Djoko R Legowo, and Boedi Setiawan. 2021. Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity. Open Veterinary Journal, 11 (2), 330-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18



Chicago Style

, Alif Yahya Al-maruf, Regita Permata Sari, Imam Mustofa, Suzanita Utama, Chairul Anwar, Maslichah - Mafruchati, Eka Paramytha Hestianah, Lita Rakhma Yustinasari, Benjamin Christoffel Tehupuring, Djoko R Legowo, and Boedi Setiawan. "Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity." Open Veterinary Journal 11 (2021), 330-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Alif Yahya Al-maruf, Regita Permata Sari, Imam Mustofa, Suzanita Utama, Chairul Anwar, Maslichah - Mafruchati, Eka Paramytha Hestianah, Lita Rakhma Yustinasari, Benjamin Christoffel Tehupuring, Djoko R Legowo, and Boedi Setiawan. "Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity." Open Veterinary Journal 11.2 (2021), 330-336. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, A. Y. A., , . R. P. S., Mustofa, . I., Utama, . S., Anwar, . C., Mafruchati, . M. -., Hestianah, . E. P., Yustinasari, . L. R., Tehupuring, . B. C., Legowo, . D. R. & Setiawan, . B. (2021) Morphology and histology of paryphasmata and hemibaculum of Varanus salvator based on sexual maturity. Open Veterinary Journal, 11 (2), 330-336. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2021.v11.i2.18