E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Case Report


Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse

Andrea Corda, Nicolo Columbano, Valentina Secchi, Antonio Scanu, Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia, Giovanni Mario Careddu, Eraldo Sanna Passino.


Cited By:2

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Thrombophlebitis and thrombosis are the most common causes of jugular vein occlusion in horses. Medical and surgical treatments aim to recanalize the occluded vessel and reduce proximal venous congestion and edema.
CASE DESCRIPTION
The present report describes a clinical case of equine jugular vein thrombosis with complete vein occlusion diagnosed by saline contrast ultrasonography and confirmed by contrast venography.
CONCLUSION
Our results demonstrated that the saline contrast ultrasonography test can be easily performed and objectively interpreted using standard ultrasound equipment, it is not expensive, and it does not require x-ray exposure. Saline contrast ultrasonography test is a valid tool to assess vessel patency and presence of collateral circulation in jugular vein thrombosis. The test could therefore be used to monitor the progression of the disease and the effectiveness of therapy against jugular vein thrombosis in horses.

Key words: Equine, Jugular, Thrombus, Ultrasound, Contrast


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Corda A, Columbano N, Secchi V, Scanu A, Parpaglia MLP, GMC, Passino ES. Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(3): 308-316. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9


Web Style

Corda A, Columbano N, Secchi V, Scanu A, Parpaglia MLP, GMC, Passino ES. Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=94496 [Access: February 13, 2024]. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Corda A, Columbano N, Secchi V, Scanu A, Parpaglia MLP, GMC, Passino ES. Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse. Open Vet J. 2020; 10(3): 308-316. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Corda A, Columbano N, Secchi V, Scanu A, Parpaglia MLP, GMC, Passino ES. Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse. Open Vet J. (2020), [cited February 13, 2024]; 10(3): 308-316. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9



Harvard Style

Corda, A., Columbano, . N., Secchi, . V., Scanu, . A., Parpaglia, . M. L. P., , . G. M. C. & Passino, . E. S. (2020) Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse. Open Vet J, 10 (3), 308-316. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9



Turabian Style

Corda, Andrea, Nicolo Columbano, Valentina Secchi, Antonio Scanu, Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia, Giovanni Mario Careddu, and Eraldo Sanna Passino. 2020. Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (3), 308-316. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9



Chicago Style

Corda, Andrea, Nicolo Columbano, Valentina Secchi, Antonio Scanu, Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia, Giovanni Mario Careddu, and Eraldo Sanna Passino. "Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse." Open Veterinary Journal 10 (2020), 308-316. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Corda, Andrea, Nicolo Columbano, Valentina Secchi, Antonio Scanu, Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia, Giovanni Mario Careddu, and Eraldo Sanna Passino. "Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse." Open Veterinary Journal 10.3 (2020), 308-316. Print. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Corda, A., Columbano, . N., Secchi, . V., Scanu, . A., Parpaglia, . M. L. P., , . G. M. C. & Passino, . E. S. (2020) Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse. Open Veterinary Journal, 10 (3), 308-316. doi:10.4314/ovj.v10i3.9