E-ISSN 2218-6050 | ISSN 2226-4485
 

Original Article


Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes

Ahmed Ibrahim, Atef Badr, Hussein Ahmed Amer, Abdel-Salam Eidaroos, Najmi Mariol, Ayman Mesalam.

Abstract
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the histopathological changes, variable collagen concentrations, and vascular endothelial growth factor expressions in uterine and cervical tissues following successful detorsion.
Methods: Animals were classified into four groups; normally calved cases (group A), cases that respond successfully to detorsion and followed by vaginal fetal delivery without (group B) or with (group C) cervical laceration, and cases suffered from failure of complete cervical dilatation after successful detorsion (group D).
Results: Histopathological findings revealed variable changes in all uterine torsion affected groups, which were characteristic and marked in animals suffered from failure of complete cervical dilatation following successful detorsion. Moreover, failure of cervical dilatation was associated with the highest collagen concentrations as shown by Masson trichrome stain. On the other hand, immunohistochemical findings showed that the normally calved cases have the highest vascular endothelial growth factor expression compared with animals suffered from failure of complete cervical dilatation.
Conclusion: Our results showed that the vascular endothelial growth factor is essential for cervical dilatation and its lower expression is accompanied by incomplete cervical dilatation following successful detorsion.

Key words: Uterine torsion, Buffaloes, Histopathological, Collagen, Vascular endothelial growth factor


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ibrahim A, AB, HAA, AE, Mariol N, Mesalam A. Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(5): 709-717. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16


Web Style

Ibrahim A, AB, HAA, AE, Mariol N, Mesalam A. Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes. https://www.openveterinaryjournal.com/?mno=69976 [Access: November 28, 2022]. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ibrahim A, AB, HAA, AE, Mariol N, Mesalam A. Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes. Open Vet J. 2022; 12(5): 709-717. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ibrahim A, AB, HAA, AE, Mariol N, Mesalam A. Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes. Open Vet J. (2022), [cited November 28, 2022]; 12(5): 709-717. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16



Harvard Style

Ibrahim, A., , . A. B., , . H. A. A., , . A. E., Mariol, . N. & Mesalam, . A. (2022) Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes. Open Vet J, 12 (5), 709-717. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16



Turabian Style

Ibrahim, Ahmed, Atef Badr, Hussein Ahmed Amer, Abdel-Salam Eidaroos, Najmi Mariol, and Ayman Mesalam. 2022. Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (5), 709-717. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16



Chicago Style

Ibrahim, Ahmed, Atef Badr, Hussein Ahmed Amer, Abdel-Salam Eidaroos, Najmi Mariol, and Ayman Mesalam. "Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes." Open Veterinary Journal 12 (2022), 709-717. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ibrahim, Ahmed, Atef Badr, Hussein Ahmed Amer, Abdel-Salam Eidaroos, Najmi Mariol, and Ayman Mesalam. "Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes." Open Veterinary Journal 12.5 (2022), 709-717. Print. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ibrahim, A., , . A. B., , . H. A. A., , . A. E., Mariol, . N. & Mesalam, . A. (2022) Vascular endothelial growth factor: A novel marker for torsion-induced incomplete cervical dilatation in Egyptian buffaloes. Open Veterinary Journal, 12 (5), 709-717. doi:10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i5.16